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PNHS Newsletter Vol. 4


Vol. 4 •November 2003 • Web: • E-mail:



Surigaonon Heritage Center Hosts


24th National Conference



        The Surigaonon Heritage Center in Surigao City hosts the 24th National Conference on Local and National History of the Philippine National Historical Society. The themes of the conference are “Philippine Cultural History” and “The Ethnohistory of Mindanao and Sulu.” PNHS President, Dr. Bernardita R. Churchill, convenes the conference on November 20-22, 2003, with Surigaonon Heritage Center President, Fernando A. Almeda, Jr., as the local convenor. This is the second time the PNHS holds its national conference in Surigao City, the first time being in 1985, also with Fernando A. Almeda, Jr. as convenor. Mr. Almeda is one of two Vice-Presidents for Mindanao and Sulu of the Philippine National Historical Society.


As stated, the sub-themes of the conference will highlight the new findings on topics previously unexplored in the discipline of history. Several papers on Philippine cultural history will be read in the papers, including the following: “Cultural History Through the Lens: Tracing the Nationalist Literary Tradition in Post-War Cinema,” by Joyce Arriola, Ph.D. (University of Santo Tomas); “Majaradia Lawana: Isang Napapanahong Pagbasa,” by Reynaldo T. Candido, Jr. (University of Santo Tomas); “Religion, Rituals and Folklore: A Cultural Overview of the Lagunenses,” by Gil G. Gotiangco, Jr. II (University of the Philippines – Diliman); and “The Kundiman from Folk Song to Art Song,” by Antonio C. Hila, Ph.D. (De La Salle University – Manila).


The conference will also highlight new studies on the ethnohistory of Mindanao and Sulu, with the following papers “World War II Guerilla Action in Surigao,” by Winston Dean S. Almeda (Surigaonon Heritage Center); “The Sulu-China Connection: Past and Present,” by Calbi A. Asain, Ph.D. (Mindanao State University – Sulu); “The Double that We Cannot Eat: Initiation and Blood Sacrifice Rituals, Cockfight, and Beauty Contest in a Mixed Agusan Manobo-Visayan Cebuano Community, Caraga, Mindanao,” by José S. Buenconsejo, Ph.D. (University of the Philippines – Diliman); “Mindanao Ground: Remaking Ethnohistory through Heritage Advocacy,” by Erlinda M. Burton, Ph.D. (Xavier University) and Antonio Montalvan II (Liceo de Cagayan University); “Writing on Art of/for/from the Mindanao-Sulu Region: A Preliminary Assessment,” by Marilyn R. Canta (University of the Philippines – Diliman); “Slavery to Freedom: Revisiting the Ulahingan Epic of the Livunganen-Arumanen Manobos,” by Earl Jude Paul L. Cleope, Ph.D. (Silliman University – Dumaguete); “Mindanao Memorabilia in Spain,” by Regalado Trota Jose, Jr. (National Committee for Culture and the Arts – Committee on Monuments and Sites); and “Rebellions and Mutinies in Mindanao: A Quick Review,”by Macario D. Tiu, Ed. D. (Ateneo de Davao University).


               Moreover, studies on Philippine national history and the local histories of other Philippine regions will be the subject of discussion of a number paper presentations, including “ An Ethnohistorical Study of Communication in the Southern Cordillera, Northern Luzon,” by Patricia O. Afable, Ph.D. (Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C., USA); “Thomasites: Pipers of the American Dream,” by Luz S. Almeda, Ph.D. of the Surigaonon Heritage Center; “From Sangley to Tsinoy: A Study on the Identities of the Baguio Chinese Youth,” by Anavic M. Bagamaspad (University of the Philippines Baguio); “A Balangiga Survivor’s Letter from Samar, January 18, 1902,” by Rolando O. Borrinaga, Ph.D. (University of the Philippines – Manila, Palo, Leyte); “History and the Phenomenon of Migration: Migrant Muslims in the Cordillera,” by Maria Nela B. Florendo, Ph.D. (University of the Philippines Baguio); “Life and Times of the Filipino Seamen During the Period of Spanish Colonialism,” by Rolando G. Talampas of the (University of the Philippines – Manila); “Cordillera Anthropomorphic Carvings: Form and Function,” by Delfin Tolentino, Jr. (University of the Philippines Baguio); and “Revisiting the St. Louis Exposition of 1904: Filipinos on Display” by Stephen Henry S. Totanes, Ph.D. (Ateneo de Manila University).





Institutional Linkages



               Since its founding in 1941, the Philippine National Historical Society has actively maintained institutional linkages with centers and institutes of learning and research on various aspects of Philippine history and culture. These are the institutional profiles of organizations and institutes that the PNHS currently has active linkages with.


Centre for Intercultural Studies, University of Santo Tomas

5th floor, Central Library Building, UST Campus, España, Manila 1008

Director: Asst. Prof. Cynthia Luz P. Rivera

Tel. 731-3101, loc. 8340; Telefax: (632) 740-9716


Institutional Member of the Philippine National Historical Society (August 16, 2002)


The Centre for Intercultural Studies is UST's research center for the humanities, culture, and the arts. It also manages and maintains the Chiang Ching-Kuo Cultural Center and functions as the custodian of a collection of rare books on Asian Studies and numerous artifacts of Chinese culture. The Programs and Steering Committees of the Centre are the following: Asian Studies, European Studies (Spanish Studies), Women Studies Program (in cooperation with the Women Studies Program of the Social Science Center), Cultural Studies Steering Committee, and Latin American Studies Steering Committee.


The official publication of the Centre is the Journal for the Arts, Culture, and the Humanities. Two issues of the Journal have thus far been published by the Centre - Vol. 1, No. 1 (March 2002) and Vol. 1:No 2 (September 2002).


Institute of Bicol History and Culture

Ateneo de Naga University, Naga City 440

Director: Assoc. Prof. Stephen Henry Totanes, Ph.D.

Tel: (054) 473-08-21; Fax: (054)472-9253



The Institute of Bikol History and Culture was launched on February 15, 2002 as the research unit of the Ateneo de Naga University. It is primarily concerned with the preservation of materials on Bikol history and culture and with the productive use of such materials in research, fora, and symposia.


The official journal of the Institute is Sarabihón, A Journal of Sorsogon Studies, two volumes of which have been issued, Volume 1 (2002) and Volume 2 (2003), both issues edited by Teresita E. Erestain.


Cavite Studies Center

De La Salle University – Dasmariñas, Cavite

Director: Assoc. Prof. Emmanuel Franco Calairo

Tel: (046) 416-4531, loc. 3141

Fax: (046) 416-4397, loc. 3151


The Cavite Studies Center (CSC) is the research arm of De La Salle University-Dasmariñas, focusing on historical and cultural research on the Province of Cavite. To date, the Cavite Studies Center, in cooperation with the Cavite Historical Society, Inc., has published various books on Cavite town histories and on the methodologies of local history writing. The Center is currently developing its collection of photocopied archival documents from various archives and microfilm reels on selected rare periodicals.


In 2003, the Cavite Studies Center, in coordination with the Cavite Historical Society and the National Historical Institute, launched its annual historical awareness campaign. The campaign was inaugurated with a tribute to Prof. Alfredo Saulo, Cavite historian, on August 29, 2003. The activity was held at the audio-visual room of the DLSU-Dasmariñas Library and was attended by the descendants of Alfredo Saulo, former Prime Minister Cesar E. A. Virata, Governor Ayong Maliksi, members of the Cavite Historical Society, and the students and faculty of De La Salle University-Dasmariñas. Highlight of the event was the recognition to Alfredo Saulo as a Cavite historian. Although not a native Caviteño, Prof. Saulo wrote various articles and books about the history of Cavite. He was known as the official biographer of Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo. His books on Cavite history include The History of Cavite (1985), which he wrote in collaboration with the late Caviteño historian, Esteban de Ocampo, Emilio Aguinaldo: Generalissimo and President of the First Republic in Asia (1983), and The Truth About Emilio Aguinaldo and Other Heroes (1987).


The second activity in connection with this historical awareness campaign was the holding of the Fifth Annual Seminar on Cavite History and Culture, also co-sponsored with the Cavite Historical Society and the National Historical Institute. This was held at the Cavite State University Auditorium on September 19, 2003. A week later, the Center also hosted the National Conference on Literary Theories, sponsored by the Linangan ng Literaturang Pilipino. The historical awareness campaign will culminate in the launching, in December, of the book, Pandarayuhan at Urbanisasyon sa Kabite, which will feature articles on the Mardicas of Ternate, the Caviteños in Mindanao, and the urbanization of the towns of Dasmariñas, Imus, Tagaytay City, General Mariano Alvarez (separated from Carmona in the 1960s), and Trece Martires City.


Central Visayas Studies Center

Room 150, Arts and Sciences Building

University of the Philippines Cebu College

Lahug, Cebu City 6000

Coordinator: Asst. Prof. Madrileña de la Cerna, Ph.D.


The Central Visayas Studies Center was established on May 27, 1999 as part of the system-wide network of regional studies programs of the University of the Philippines. The CVSC is the main resource center where the multi-disciplinary expertise of UPV Cebu College faculty is tapped to provide a more holistic approach to understanding problems and issues affecting Cebu province and the region. The Center's concentration is on research in critical areas of policy and the collection, exhibition, and preservation of Central Visayas art forms and cultural works.


Juan D. Nepomuceno Center for Kapampangan Studies

Holy Angel University, Angeles City

Director: Robert P. Tantingco

Tel: (045) 888-8691; Fax: (045) 888-2514; E-mail:



The Center for Kapampangan Studies formally opened on March 8, 2002 and was established for purposes of research, publication, training and instruction, advocacy, conservation and outreach, and performances on Kapampangan history and culture. The Center publishes a quarterly newsletter, Singsing, the latest issue of which is devoted to “Bacolor: One Shining Moment.”


Two publications were launched in 2003: Lino L. Dizon, Mr. White: A ‘Thomasite’ History of Tarlac Province, 1901-1913, last September 4, 2003 at Holy Angel University in Angeles City; and Vigilio A. Reyes, Jr. (editor), Gloria: Roman Leoncio’s Kapampangan Translation of Huseng Batute’s Verse Novel, Lost and Found, on October 23, 2003 at the Summit Lounge of the Department of Foreign Affairs.


National Commission for Culture and the Arts - Committee on Historical Research

633 General Luna Street

Intramuros, Manila 2002


Head: Antonio C. Hila, Ph.D.

Vice Head: Bernardita R. Churchill, Ph.D.

Secretary: Madrileña de la Cerna, Ph.D.

PNHS Members serving as Executive Committee Members


Digna B. Apilado

               Gil G. Gotiangco, Jr. II

               Eden M. Gripaldo, Ph.D.

               Rowena Reyes-Boquiren, Ph.D.

               Earl Jude Paul Cleope, Ph.D.


The NCCA-Committee on Historical Research published Resistance & Revolution: Philippine Archipelago in Arms (2002), edited by Bernardita Reyes Churchill, the volume being selected papers from the Echo Seminars on the Philippine Revolution convened by the Committee on Historical Research from 1994-1997 in Luzon, the Visayas, and Mindanao and Sulu, in commemoration of the Centennial of the Phlippine Revolution in 1996.


The Philippine National Historical Society, Inc., is an accredited organization of the National Commission for Culture and the Arts and its representative (the PNHS President) sits in the Committee on Historical Research.


Surigaonon Heritage Center, Surigao City

President: Fernando A. Almeda, Jr.

Executive Director: Irenetta C. Montinola, Ph.D.


The Surigaonon Heritage Center (SHC) was incorporated on October 8, 1986. The Center was the recipient of the Rotary Outstanding Surigaonon Award (ROSA) for Institution (History & Culture) Category in 2000. On February 14, 2001, it opened its museum-study center and library, making it one of the few, if not the only, non-governmental organization (NGO) to have that kind of facility.


It is responsible for the installation in Surigao City of the first National Historical Institute (NHI) marker in both Surigao provinces, officially declaring Surigao City, instead of Butuan City, as the site of the first hoisting of the flag of the first Philippine Republic in Mindanao on December 26, 1898. The SHC is duly recognized as an affiliate of the National Historical Institute.


One of its major projects is the promotion and popularization of the yearly celebration of the historic Battle of Surigao Strait that continuously draws the admiration and attention of both local and foreign tourists. The Battle of Surigao Strait, held every October 24 and 25 is, in fact, one of the most significant celebrations of the City and Province of Surigao del Norte.





               The PNHS President represents the PNHS in the CHED TP HuSoComm Technical Committee for History tasked with the (1) evaluation of the CHED Center of Excellence for History; and (2) review/revision of the proposed graduate programs for history, among others.






International Linkages



               Some members of the Philippine National Historical Society, are currently affiliated with international academic associations, especially organized to promote scholarly exchange among members of the academic community involved in Philippine, Southeast Asian, and Asian studies. Some of these associations are the following:


Philippine Studies Association for Australia, Inc. (PSAA)


Home page:

President: Michael Pinches, Ph.D.

Secretary: Paul Mathews, Ph.D.

The PSAA publishes a Newsletter which highlights significant achievements of Filipinists and trends in Philippine studies in Australia.


Philippine Studies Group of the Association for Asian Studies (AAS)

Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA

Executive Secretary: Susan Russell

The PNHS President serves as a Member of the Board of the Advisory Council until 2004.

PSG Web:

Pilipinas: A Journal of Philippine Studies

Editor: Paul Mathews


AAS Journal: Journal of Asian Studies


Asociación Española de Estudios del Pacífico

Colegio Mayor Universitario Nrta. Sra. De Africa

Avenida Ramiro de Maetzu, s/n. Ciudad Universitario

28040 Madrid, España


               The Asociación dates back to 1986 with the establishment of the Asociación Cultural “Islas del Pacífico.” In 1988, it adopted the name Asociación Española de Estudios del Pacífico (AEEP). The Asociación has engaged in various activities, including publications, conferences and roundtable discussions, exhibits and seminars. It has been publishing the Revista Española del Pacífico since 1991. Among its publications are the following: Estudios sobre Filipinas y las Islas del Pacífico (1989); España y el Pacífico(1989); Orientate en Oriente (1997); España y el Pacífico 2 (1997);






Updates on Conferences 2003



Annual Conference of the Association for Asian Studies, USA

New York Hilton, New York City

March 27-30, 2003


Panel 65: "Towards a New Understanding of 'Chinese' and 'Filipino' Identities"

               Chair: Richard Chu

Panel 105: "New Questions in Philippine Economic History"

               Chair: Dan Doeppers

Panel 144: "Communities, Institutions and the Politics of Resource Use in

the Philippines"

Chairs Susan Russell & James Eder


An interesting paper presented in the conference was “Delivering for God and Country: Midwifery Training in 19th Century Philippines,” by Megan Thomas, Columbia University, New York.


The Mactan Conversation: A Conference on the “Genealogies of Philippine History”

Tambuli Resort Hotel, Mactan, Cebu

April 4-26, 2003


A group of historians from various Philippine universities had a three-day roundtable discussion on the history and state of the art of Philippine historiography in Mactan, Cebu, on April 4-6, 2003. The aim of the conference was to provide an initial venue for historians from various universities and with different specializations to have an preliminary assessment of the state of the art and the history of the discipline of history during the past century.


Among the discussion topics were those that focused on the legacies of Teodoro A. Agoncillo and Fr. Horacio de la Costa, S. J. in the development of Filipino nationalist historiography; the debate and discussions on race and identity in history, from the migration wave theory to the ilustrado construction of national and racial types; and some emerging trends in Philippine history, including pantayong pananaw.


Four historians from the Ateneo de Manila University, six from the University of the Philippines, one from Ateneo de Davao; two from Kyoto University; one from the National University of Singapore, one from the Colegio de San Juan de Letran; and one from the University of San Carlos were invited to participate in the discussion series. Among the speaker-participants were PNHS members Ma. Luisa T. Camagay, Francis A. Gealogo, and Resil B. Mojares.


Fifth National Social Science Congress (NSSC V)

Philippine Social Science Council

May 15-17 2003


The Philippine Social Science Council (PSSC), on which the PNHS is a founding regular charter member, recently convened the Fifth National Social Science Congress at the PSSC Center, Commonwealth Avenue, Quezon City, last May 15-17 2003. The theme of the Congress was “What’s with the Filipino Youth: Perspectives from the Social Sciences.”


Various social science discipline representatives presented papers and joined the discussion groups and congress fora in order to explore the various dimensions involving youth studies in the Philippines. Among the panel topics presented in the conference are “Understanding the Youth and their Concerns: Findings from Recent Studies;” “The Language of Youth;” “Adolescent Health, Reproductive Health and Sexuality”; Filipino Youth Transitions”; Psychological Dynamics of the Filipino Adolescent;” “Youth and Education Programs;” “Filipino Youth and the New ICTs’” “Communication Strategies for the Youth;” “Risks and Vulnerabilities;” “Youth Politics, Governance and Citizenship;” “Youth, Parents and Family;” “Youth, Self and Identities;” “Youth Ethnographies;” “Nurturance of the Filipino Female Youth;” “Youth Advocacies, Programs and Policies’” “Youth and Social Transformation;” “Youth and Work;” and “Issues on Youth Education.”


               Congress fora were also organized as part of the NSSC V Congress to discuss various dimensions of youth concerns. The topics revolve around the following: “Youth Revisited: Reflections of Past Student Leaders,” for Forum 1; “Youth Prospects and Opportunities,” for Forum 2; and “Today’s Youngest Mayors: Tomorrow’s Hope?,” for Forum 3.


               Among those who participated in the Congress were PNHS members, Ma. Luisa T. Camagay (moderator), and Francis A. Gealogo (discussant).


“Encuentro” – In Commemoration of Philippine-Spanish Friendship Day

Balay Kalinaw, UP Diliman

June 25-27, 2003


               To commemorate the first celebration of Philippine-Friendship Day, a conference was held in UP Diliman on June 25-27, 2003, and organized by the Departments of History of the University of the Philippines, the Ateneo de Manila University and the De La Salle University, with support coming from the National Historical Institute, the Department of Foreign Affairs, the Instituto Cervantes and the Embassy of Spain. The theme of the conference is “Enduring Friendship/Amistad Duradera.”


PNHS Member Ma. Luisa T. Camagay convened the conference, with PNHS members Ricardo T. Jose, Ronaldo B. Mactal and Francis A. Gealogo serving as members of the Organizing Committee.


PNHS members were also among the speakers in the conference, namely Antonio Hila, Emmanuel Calairo, Regino Paular, and Fr. Jose Arcilla, S.J. Among those who served as moderators were PNHS members Stephen Henry S. Totanes, Rene R. Escalante, Antonia SL. Santos, Digna B. Apilado, and Eden M. Gripaldo.


As part of the celebration of Philippine-Spanish Friendship Day, a visit to the historic town of Baler, Aurora Province, took place from June 29-July 1, 2003. The PNHS delegation was headed by the President, and included Maria Eloisa P. de Castro, Eden M. Gripaldo, Digna B.. Apilado, Violeta S., Ignacio, and Evelyn A. Miranda. The trip took approximately nine hours, via San Miguel, Bulacan, and Palayan City, Nueva Ecija, with the last three hours on dusty winding road from Bongabon, Nueva Ecija, to San Luis, Aurora Province, through the mountainsides of the Sierra Madre Range. The celebration started on June 29 in Baler with a re-enactment of the “Siege of Baler” and Serenata in the Baler Auditorium, capped by a fireworks display in the Baler Town Plaza. On June 30, memorial mass and wreath-laying ceremonies at Baler Church preceded the viewing of the replica hut of President Manuel L. Quezon, the unveiling of the marker “The Filipino Patriots of Baler,” and the formal opening of the Baler Museum by President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo.


Sangandaan 2003 Conference

A Cultural Commemoration of a Century of Philippine-American Relations –

An International Conference on Arts and Media in Philippine-American Relations, 1899-2002

Philippine Social Science Center

July 7-11, 2003


               To commemorate one hundred years of Philippine-American relations, the University of the Philippines and the Filipino American National Historical Society (East Bay Chapter), in collaboration with Ateneo de Manila University, De La Salle University, San Francisco State University, New York University, the Cultural Center of the Philippines, the National Commission for Culture and the Arts, and the Philippine Social Science Council, organized an international academic conference on arts and media as part of a month-long cultural commemoration. Paper presentations from different disciplines and using varied approaches for their study of arts, media, or other cultural forms included the literary arts, the performing arts, the visual arts, architecture, culinary arts, multimedia arts, and the mass media. Theater productions, musical concerts, film series, dance presentations, and exhibits also form the commemoration activities.


13th Annual Conference of the Manila Studies Association, Inc.

De La Salle University

July 14-15, 2003


The Manila Studies Association, Inc. was founded in 1989 at the initiative of the late Prof. Alfredo Tiamson of UP Manila. The MSA traditionally held an annual conference on various aspects of Manila studies every June of each year since 1989 (until 1999), the date chosen to coincide with the celebration of "Araw ng Maynila." However, no MSA Conference was held from 1999 to 2001 because of budgetary constraints. In June 2002, the MSA resumed it annual conference and held its 12th under the sponsorship of the Department of History of De La Salle University. The conference was convened by Dr. Ronaldo Mactal (DLSU) and Dr. Cristina E. Torres (UP Manila).


In 2003, on July 14-15, the 13thAnnual Conference was held with the assistance of a funding grant from the National Commission for Culture and the Arts-Committee on Historical Research. It was once again held at De La Salle University. The conference theme was “Spanish Manila Through the Centuries, 1571-1898.” Aside from paper presentations, a seminar-workshop on the “Teaching of Philippine History during the Spanish Period” was also included in the program. The papers presented were the following: “Manila’s Lost Architecture: The Modernity of the Past,” by Javier Galvan (Director of the Instituto Cervantes); “The Music of La Naval,” by Julie Ann A. Hallazgo (Centre for Intercultural Studies, University of Santo Tomas); “The Santa Clara Church Reportory: Women, Religiosity, and Music in 19th Century Manila,” by Ma. Alexandra Iñigo Chua (Center for Intercultural Studies, University of Santo Tomas); “Reclaiming the Use of Public Spaces: An Appraisal of Manila’s Plazas,” by Norma I. Alarcon (College of Architecture, University of Santo Tomas); “The Nineteenth Century Filipino Clergy and the Building of Churches in Manila,” by Regalado Trota Jose, Jr. (NCCA-Committee on Monuments and Sites); “A Photographic Essay on Three Dominican Institutions in Intramuros: Santo Tomas, San Juan de Letran, and Santa Catalina,” by Maria Eloisa P. de Castro (Center for Intercultural Studies, University of Santo Tomas); “Binondo: Chinese Enclave to 19th Century Commercial Center,” by Lorelei D.C. de Viana (National Historical Institute); “Calles Rizaliana: Pag-aaral sa Kasaysayan ng mga Kalye’t Eskinita sa Sampaloc, Manila,” by Reynaldo T. Candido, Jr. (University of Santo Tomas); “Tenderas de Santa Cruz (1801): A Historical Analysis,” by Maria Luisa T. Camagay (University of the Philippines-Diliman); “Eighteenth and Nineteenth Century Latin Written Forms: Spain’s Lasting Legacy to the Philippines (Cornelio R. Bascara (De La Salle University); “Documentary Sources on the History of Manila at the Archdiocesan Archives of Manila,” by Fr. Roy M. Rosales (Archdiocesan Archives of Manila); “The Economic Transformation of the Philippines During the Reign of the Bourbon Dynasty, 1700-1808,” by Rene R. Escalante (De La Salle University); “Petty Crimes in the Late 19th Century Manila,” by Filomin C. Gutierrez (University of the Philippines-Diliman); and “Pang-araw-araw na Buhay sa Kamaynilaan sa Panahon ng Rebolusyong 1896,” by Ronaldo C. Mactal (De La Salle University). Many of these lectures were accompanied by precious vintage photographs showing the City of Manila before the destruction of World War II.


The lectures for the seminar-workshop on the teaching of Philippine history during the Spanish period were the following: “The Philippines under Spain (1565-1898), with particular focus on the History of Manila,” by Bernardita R. Churchill; “Teaching the Economic History of the Philippines During the Spanish Colonial Period,” by Digna B. Apilado (University of the Philippines-Diliman); and “The Teaching of Philippine Nationalism,” by Cristina E. Torres (University of the Philippines- Manila).


               The Manila Studies Association elected a new Board composed of the following: Reynaldo T. Candido (UST), Pacita Carluen (Xavier School), Ma. Eloisa P. De Castro (UST), Patrick Anthony S. de Castro (Miriam), Bernardita R. Churchill (NCCA-CHR), Rene R. Escalante (De La Salle University), Francis A. Gealogo (Ateneo de Manila), Eden M. Gripaldo (UP Diliman), Violeta S. Ignacio (UP Pampanga), Rolando B. Mactal (DLSU), and Cristina E. Torres (UP Manila).


President: Bernardita R. Churchill, Ph.D.

Address: 40 Matiwasay Street, UP Village

          Diliman, Quezon City 1101

Tel: (02) 921-4575 ; Telefax: (02) 926-1346



Third International Convention of Asia Scholars

Raffles City Convention Centre, Singapore

August 19-22, 2003


               The International Convention of Asia Scholars (ICAS) is one of the largest regular gatherings of scholars whose research centers on Asia and/or Asians, especially in the humanities and the social sciences. ICAS-1 was held in Leiden, The Netherlands in 1998 and ICAS-2 in Berlin, Germany in 2001. ICAS-3 was held in Singapore and was jointly organized by the Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences and the Asia Research Institute, National University of Singapore, and was endorsed by the Association for Asian Studies (AAS-USA) and the International Institute of Asian Studies (IIAS-The Netherlands).


               Among the speakers were members of the Philippine National Historical Society, including Dwight David Diestro, Evelyn A. Miranda, Digna B. Apilado, Dolly Mibolos, Violeta S. Ignacio, Francis A. Gealogo, Mercedes G. Planta, Rene R. Escalante and Ronaldo T. Mactal. The four-day conference had an average of seventeen simultaneous sessions each day for each of the four panels, aside from poster presentations, academic meetings, and plenary sessions for the opening and closing of the conference.


Round Table Conference on “The Exact Site of the Blood Compact of Bohol”

National Historical Institute, Manila

September 17, 2003


               The PNHS President and PNHS Secretary, Maria Eloisa P. de Castro, attended this round table conference called to discuss the exact site of the blood compact between Sikatuna and Legazpi. Ttwo groups presented two different sites for this event- Hinawanan (now Villalimpia) in Loay and Bool District in Tagbilaran., about 100 meters from the present stone marker. The proponents for the Loay location were UP European Languages Associate Professor Emmanuel Luis A. Romanillos and PNHS Member Dr. Jes B. Tirol (University of Bohol). The proponents for the Bool District location were Rizalino S. Israel and Danilo A. Bantugan, both City Councilors of Tagbilaran. No issue was resolved during the round table conference. The matter is currently being studied and evaluated by a panel chaired by Judge Nestor J. Ballacillo.


Third Biennial National Convention for Church Cultural Heritage Workers

Sponsored by the Catholic Bishops’ Conference of the Philippines (CBCP) Hosted by the Archdiocese of San Fernando, Pampanga

Venue: Kapampangan Studies Center, Holy Angel University

Angeles City

September 29-October 1, 2003


               At the invitation of Fr. Roy M. Rosales of the Archives of the Archdiocese of Manila, the PNHS President and PNHS Secretary Ma. Eloisa P. de Castro attended this conference of cultural heritage church workers. Among the speakers were Augusto F. Villalon, Regalado Trota Jose, Jr., and Dom Bernardo Ma. Perez, O.S.B., who have been in the forefront in matters of the conservation and protection of church cultural heritage. The conference included a tour of historic colonial churches in Pampanga – Betis, Sasmuan, Lubao, Bacolor, Minalin, and Sto. Tomas. There was also a tour of the Museum of the Archbiocese of San Fernando at the University of the Assumption Campus.


               At the closing of the conference, the PNHS President was requested to deliver remarks on the proceedings and, in view of the very strong history component of the work of conservation and protection of churches and other religious structures, the President offered the services of PNHS Board Members as consultants or resource persons in matters involving historical research.


               As an immediate consequence of this conference, on October 25, 2003, the PNHS President was invited by Fr. Mario S. Operario, Parish Priest of Tanay, as a resource speaker on the writing of the local history of the Town and Parish of Tanay.


Tanay will be observing its 400th anniversary of the founding of the town and parish in 2006.


Research Seminar on “The Philippines in Portuguese Sources”

Centre for Intercultural Studies, University of Santo Tomas

October 21-22, 2003


In celebration of Portuguese Week in Manila, from October 21-22, 2003, a research seminar on “Portuguese Sources for the History of the Philippines” was held on October 21-22 at the Centre for Intercultural Studies (CIS) of the University of Santo Tomas. This academic activity was the result of the initiatives of the Embassy of Portugal headed by Ambassador João Caetano da Silva and Counsellor Isabel Margarida Bela Ferreira.


Two Portuguese historians – Dr. José Manuel Garcia and Dr. Victor Gomes Teixeira, both researchers from the Portuguese Center for Southeast Asian Studies – both of whom also came to the Philippines last year - presented their research papers at the two-day seminar. Dr. Garcia read a paper on “The Philippines in Portuguese 16th Century Chronicles: Maritime Strategies, Political Alliances, Economic Trade and Slavery.” He also launched his book on the same subject on October 21, attended by a select group of academics and the diplomatic corps. Dr. Teixeira’s paper was on “The Philippines in Portuguese Religious Sources”. A beautiful Revista de Cultura, published by the Instituto Cultural in Macao, was also introduced to the participants, containing interesting articles on Portuguese-Philippine relations in East Asia, specifically on the relationship between Macao and the Philippines from the 16-18th centuries.


Dr. Teixeira’s paper was on the religious missions from the Philippines that were sent to Portuguese territories in Southeast Asia during the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, especially during the period when the Spanish and Portuguese crowns were united under one dynasty. During that period, while conversion of the Filipinos was being carried out by the various missionary orders in the country, some of these missionaries were also undertaking conversion of other Asian peoples elsewhere in Asia. Thus the Philippines was not totally isolated from the rest of the world during the Spanish period, as has been previously presented by existing studies. The paper concluded that knowledge of the christianizing activities of the various Iberian religious orders would give a “deeper knowledge” of the effect/influence of these missions on the life of these peoples of the region.


Filipino historians participated in this research seminar as discussants/reactors to the papers presented by the Portuguese historians. There is no question that this interaction between the historians of the Philippines and Portugal was significant from both sides, considering how little has been written about the relations between the two countries during the early period of Western presence and colonization in East and Southeast Asia. The Filipino historians-reactors included the following: Dr. Francis A. Gealogo (Ateneo de Manila University), Prof. Digna B. Apilado (UP Diliman), Fr. Fidel Villarröel, O.P. (University of Santo Toms), Fr. José Arcilla, S.J. (Ateneo de Manila University), and Fr. Lucio Gutierrez, O.P. (University of Santo Tomas). Ambassador Albert Encomienda (Center for Maritime and Ocean Affairs, Department of Foreign Affairs) delivered some pertinent remarks on Dr. Garcia’s book. Dr. Bernardita R. Churchill (Philippine National Historical Society and NCCA-Committee on Historical Research) gave a review of Dr. Garcia’s book. Dr. Ricardo T. José (UP Diliman), Ma. Eloisa P. de Castro, Erlita Mendoza, and Ma. Alexandra Chua (all from UST), chaired the sessions. CIS Director Cynthia Luz Rivera provided the summary of proceedings.






Forthcoming Conferences



3rd Philippine Studies Conference

Philippine Social Science Center

Commonwealth Avenue, Quezon City

December 5-6, 2003

Conference Secretariat: Karen Barrios or Isagani Lachica

Tel: 929-2671, 922-9630l; Fax: 929-2602, 9224-4178



               The Philippine Studies Association (PSA), in cooperation with the Philippine Social Science Council (PSSC), will hold the Third National Philippine Studies Conference, on the theme “The Philippines: Changing Landscapes, Humanscapes and Mindscapes in a Globalizing World,” on December 5-6, 2003. The theme reflects that of the 7th International Conference on Philippine Studies (7th ICOPHIL), which will be held in Leiden-Amsterdam on June 16-19, 2004. Apart from papers written on the conference theme, the national conference will also feature papers on the state of Philippine Studies in the country.


               The following PNHS Board Members are in the Organizing Committee of The 3rd Philippine Studies conference: Bernardita R. Churchill, Ma. Eloisa P. de Castro, and Francis A. Gealogo.


Seminar on Macau-Philippines: Historical Relations

University of Macau

February 17-20, 2004

Please contact Leonor de Seabra, M.A.

Fax: 00853-581794; E-mail: , or


7th International Phiippine Studies Conference (7th ICOPHIL)

Leiden - Amsterdam, The Netherlands

June 16-19, 2004


Convenor: Prof. Otto van den Muijzenberg


               The 7th International Conference on Philippine Studies is organized to provide a forum for scholars engaged in research on Philippine society, culture, economy, and environment. Focusing on past and present developments in the Philippines, it will devote special attention to interconnections between the Philippines and the world at large. A growing awareness of global relationships has become part of the academic disciplines from which the participants study Philippine issues.


               The International Philippine Studies Conferences are held on a four-year schedule alternately in the Philippines and another continent. The European Philippine Studies Conference (Europhil) scheduled for the same year will be merged with the 7th ICOPHIL.


The PNHS President is a member of the International Board of Philippine Studies conferences and is Chair of the Philippine Organizing Committee. PNHS Board Trustees Ma. Eloisa P. de Castro and Francis A. Gealogo are among those working with the Philippine Organizing Committee.


13th International Oral History Conference

Host: International Oral History Association

Rome, Italy

June 23-26, 2004


Convenor: Prof. Alessandro Portelli

Conference Theme: “Memory and Globalization”

Please consult website for details.


Asian Studies Association of Australia, Inc.

15th Biennial Conference of the ASAA

Australian National University (ANU), Canberra

29 June to 2 July 2004

Website: http://coombs.anu/

E-mail: or

Themes: Order and disorder in modern Asia; study of Asia in Asia; 50 years since the visions of Bandung. Please consult website for details.


Founded in 1976, the ASAA provides a forum for Australians and others who share an interest in the study of all aspects of the countries of Asia. The ASAA publishes an international, refereed, quarterly journal, the Asian Studies Review. (http://coombs/anu/ and a quarterly electronic journal (


The 18th IAHA (International Association of Historians of Asia) Conference

December 6-10, 2004

Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan


Conference Theme: Paradigm Shift in Asia: East, Southeast, and South Asia in Comparative Perspective

Proposals are invited that will focus on more than one region or draw on more than one discipline. Please consult website for details of the conference.






PNHS Continues Forum Series on


Philippine History and


Historiography, Philippine Studies


In line with the ever pressing need to critically assess and examine the current trends and present issues confronting the development of Philippine historical studies, the PNHS launched in 2002 the Forum Series on Philippine Historiography and History with four roundtable for a presented by Fr. Jose Rhommel Hernandez, O.P., Dr. Francis A. Gealogo, Dr. Greg Bankoff, and Dr. Samuel K. Tan.


For the year 2003, the PNHS was able to launch five discussions, highlighting the growing local, national, and international exposure of the society to various issues and topics in Philippine history and society. For Forum 5, Dr. B. Lynne Milgram of the Ontario College of Art and Design spoke on “Ukay-ukay: Negotiating Business and Identity Trends through Second-hand Clothing in the Philippine Cordillera” last August 6, 2003. For Forum 6, Dr. Mina Roces of the University of New South Wales in Sydney spoke on “Is the Suffragist an American Colonial Construct? Defining the ‘Filipino Woman’ in Colonial Philippines.” The forum was held on August 30, 2003.


Two speakers spoke on the parallel topic of the Balangiga Conflict for Forum 7 held on September 24, 2003. Dr. Rolando Borrinaga of the University of the Philippines in Palo, Leyte, spoke on the causes, impact, and meaning of the Balangiga conflict, while media consultant and Balangiga Research Group member, Bob Couttie, spoke on the issue of the Balangiga bells.


               Dr. Raul Pertierra of the Ateneo de Manila University and the University of the Philippines spoke on the topic “Subversive Activities: Cell phones and Sex Texts,” for Forum 8. This discussion forum was held last October 11, 2003. Baguio-born linguistic anthropologist, Dr. Patricia Afable, from the Museum of Natural History of the Smithsonian Institution in Washington, D.C., completed this year’s series with her talk on “Japanese Settlers in the Cordillera” which was held last October 25, 2003.





Asian Scholarship Foundation

Asian Studies in Asia ASIA Fellows Awards


               The Asian Scholarship Foundation currently offers the Asian Studies in Asia ASIA Fellows Awards. The Foundation aims to increase overall awareness of the intellectual resources of the countries of South and Southeast Asia and the People’s Republic of China. The Fellows Awards support young scholars and mid-career professionals to carry out a research project or undertake a course of study for a period of six to nine months in any field in Asian Studies – Arts, Culture, Humanities, and Social Sciences. The Philippine Social Sciences Council (PSSC), of which the PNHS is a founding member, is the ASF partner institution for the Philippines. For inquires, please contact


International Fellowships Program (IFP)


               The IFP provides graduate fellowships to women and men who would not normally have the opportunity for graduate study because of geographic isolation, family poverty, or discrimination due to ethnicity, physical disability, gender, or other factors. The program covers the cost of three years of graduate study, including tuition and university fees, travel allowance, living allowance, health insurance coverage, and pre-academic training in English language proficiency, social research conceptualization and methodologies, and basic computer operations and programs. The IFP is being administered in 22 countries. In the Philippines, it is being administered by the Philippine Social Sciences Council in cooperation with regional and provincial universities and civil society organizations. For inquiries please contact






PNHS National Conferences on Local


and National History



Since its first national conference on local and national history in 1978, national conferences have been held almost annually in the following venues:


1st 1978 Xavier University, Cagayan de Oro City

2nd 1979 Silliman University, Dumaguete City

3rd 1980 Negros Occidental Historical Commission, Bacolod City

4th 1981 San Carlos University, Cebu City

5th 1982 Mindanao State University-Iligan Institute of Technology, Iligan City

6th 1984 College of Social Sciences and Philosophy, UP Diliman

7th 1985 Surigao City Historical Commission, Surigao City

8th 1987 Mindanao State University-General Santos City

9th 1988 Butuan City Historical Commission, Butuan City

10th 1989 Mindanao State University- General Santos City

11th 1990 Ateneo de Naga, Naga City

12th 1991 Mindanao State University-Marawi City

13th 1992 Mindanao State University, Bongao, Tawi-Tawi

14th 1993 University of Southern Mindanao, Kabacan, North Cotabato

15th 1994 Palawan State University, Puerto Princesa City

16th 1995 Western Mindanao State University, Zamboanga City

17th 1996 Ateneo de Manila University, Loyola Heights, Quezon City

18th 1997 Mindanao State University-Sulu, Jolo

19th 1998 Leyte Normal University, Tacloban City

20th 1999 University of the Philippines College Baguio, Benguet Province

21st 2000 Ateneo de Naga University, Naga City

22nd 2001 Silliman University, Dumaguete City

23rd 2002 UP Cebu College, Cebu City.

               24th 2003 Surigaonon Heritage Center, Surigao City


The 25th National Conference on National and Local History in October 2004 will be hosted by the Cavite State University in Indang Cavite, the Cavite Studies Center, DLSU-Dasmariñas, and the Cavite Historical Society (President: Cesar E.A. Virata). Emmanuel F. Calairo, Director of the Cavite Studies Center will be the local convenor for this conference.





PNHS Publications in Print



Revolution in the Provinces

Land of Hope, Land of Want, A Socio-Economic History of Negros


The Story of a Province - Surigao Across the Years

Journal of History, 1976 - Marcelino A. Foronda, Kailukuan:

Historical and Bibliographical Studies

Journal of History, 1977 - Selected Papers on Philippine History

Journal of History, 1980-1981- Marcelino A. and Cresencia R.

              Foronda, A Filipiniana Bibliography, 1743-1982

Journal of History, 1982 - Papers on Local History: Perspective on the

American Period in Philippine History

Journal of History, 1987-1988 - Selected Papers on Aspects of

              Philippine Economic History

Journal of History, 1991-1992 - Selected Papers on Bikol Studies


Journal of History, 1993-1994 - Cities in Philippine History (2000)

Journal of History, "A Century of Education in the Philippines”

Vol. XLVIII:1-2 (January-December 2002)



Monograph Series

Publication No. 1- In Search of Historical Truth (1992), edited by

              Leslie E. Bauzon (Out of Print)

Publication No. 2 - The Story of a Province - Surigao Across the

            Years (1993), by Fernando A. Almeda, Jr.

Publication No. 3 - Land of Hope, Land of Want, A Socio-Economic

              History of Negros (1571-1985), by Violeta Lopez-Gonzaga

Publication No. 4 - The Revolution in the Provinces and Other Papers

(1999 Centennial Volume), edited by Bernardita Reyes Churchill

With The National Historical Institute

Proceedings of the Regional Seminar-Workshops on Oral and Local History (1998-1999)


History from the People (Kasaysayan Mula sa Bayan), Vol. 1, Vigan

Edited by Digna B. Apilado

History from the People (Kasaysayan Mula sa Bayan), Vol. 2, Tuguegarao

Edited by Digna B. Apilado

History from the People (Kasaysayan Mula sa Bayan), Vol. 4, Los Banos

Edited by Violeta S. Ignacio

History from the People (Kasaysayan Mula sa Bayan), Vol. 5, Naga

Edited by Eden M. Gripaldo

History from the People (Kasaysayan Mula sa Bayan), Vol. 6, Miag-ao

Edited by Eden M. Gripaldo

History from the People (Kasaysayan Mula Sa Bayan), Vol. 7, Dumaguete

              Edited by Eden M. Gripaldo

History from the People (Kasaysayan Mula Sa Bayan), Vol. 8, Dapitan

Edited by Violeta S. Ignacio

History from the People (Kasaysayan Mula sa Bayan), Vol. 10, General

Santos, Edited by Bernardita Reyes Churchill

History from the People (Kasaysayan Mula sa Bayan), Vol. 11, Cotabato

City, Edited by Eden M. Gripaldo

History from the People (Kasaysayan Mula sa Bayan), Vol. 12, Bago City

Edited by Bernardita Reyes Churchill

History from the People (Kasaysayan Mula sa Bayan), Vol. 14, Surigao

              City, Edited by Bernardita Reyes Churchill


Forthcoming Publications (2003)

History from the People (Kasaysayan Mula sa Bayan)

Vol. 3 - Muñoz, Nueva Ecija, edited by Violeta S. Ignacio

Vol. 9 - Davao, edited by Digna B. Apilado

Vol. 13 - Calapan, Mindoro Oriental, edited by Violeta S. Ignacio

Vol. 15 - Koronadal, South Cotabato, edited by Bernardita Reyes Churchill

Vol. 16 - Bangued, Abra, edited by Digna B. Apilado


Publications with The Manila Studies Association and The National

Commission for Culture and the Arts-Committee on Historical Research


Manila (1994) - Edited by Bernardita Reyes Churchill

Determining the Truth, The Story of Andres Bonifacio (Being

Critiques of and Commentaries on Inventing a Hero, The Posthumous

                 Re-Creation of Andres Bonifacio) (1997; Second Printing 1998) -

              Edited by Bernardita Reyes Churchill

A History of the Philippines (1998), by Samuel K. Tan

The Katipunan and the Philippine Revolution (Centennial Volume,1999),

            Edited by Bernardita Reyes Churchill and Francis A. Gealogo

With The Philippine Social Science Council, Inc.


Philippine Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences, Vol. II (1993)

History Section done by the Philippine National Historical Society

              History and Current Situation of the Discipline of History in the

Philippines; Concepts and Terms; Biographies of Historians;

              and Directory of Contemporary Historians.

              Edited by Bernardita Reyes Churchill


Order from: Central Subscription Service

c/o Milagros J. Tolentino, Business Manager

Philippine Social Science Center

Commonwealth Avenue, UP Diliman Quezon City

P.O. Box 205, UP Post Office, Diliman, Quezon City 1101, Philippines

Tel: 922-9621* Fax: 929-2671* E-mail:





Rolando O. Borrinaga. The Balangiga Revisited. Quezon City: New Day

Publishers, 2003.


Emmanuel Franco Calairo. Cavite in Focus: Essays on Local Historiography.

                              Cavite Historical Society, 2001.


               Emmanuel Franco Calairo. Saloobin: Sagod ni Hen. Emilio Aguinaldo sa mga

Parating ng Dakilang Lumpo. Cavite Historical Society, 2002.


               Bernardita Reyes Churchill (ed.). History and Culture, Language and

Literature: Selected Essays of Teodoro A. Agoncillo. Manila: UST Publishing House, 2003.


Bernardita Reyes Churchill, “”Education in the Philippines at the Turn of the

20th Century; Background for American Policy,” in Back to the Future: Perspectives on the Thomasite Legacy to Philippine Education, edited by Corazon D. Villareal. Manila: American Studies Association of the Philippines, 2003.


Isagani R. Medina. Ang Kabite sa Gunita: Essays on Cavite and the

Philippine Revolution, compiled by Mirana R. Medina. Quezon City: University of the Philippines, 2001.


Isagani R. Medina. May Tainga ang Lupa . . . Espionage in the Philippines

(1896-1902) and Other Essays. Compiled and Edited by Mirana Medina.

                              Manila: UST Publishing House, 2002.
















Bernardita R. Churchill, Ph. D.

               National Commission for Culture and the Arts-

Committee on Historical Research



Francis A. Gealogo, Ph.D.

Ateneo de Manila University



Earl Jude Paul L. Cleope, Ph.D.

Silliman University

Dumaguete City



Fernando A. Almeda, Jr.

Surigaonon Heritage Center, Inc.

Surigao City

Manuel R. Tawagon

Mindanao State University

Marawi City



Maria Eloisa G. Parco-de Castro

University of Santo Tomas



Eden M. Gripaldo, Ph.D.

UP Diliman



Digna B. Apilado

UP Diliman

Emmanuel Franco Calairo

Cavite Studies Center

De La Salle University-Dasmarinas, Cavite

Patrick Anthony S. de Castro

Miriam College

Quezon City


Gil G. Gotiangco,Jr., II

UP Diliman

Antonio C. Hila, Ph.D.

De La Salle University - Manila

Violeta S. Ignacio

UP Pampanga

Esmeralda S. Perez

UP College Manila

Helen R. Tubangui

Ateneo de Manila University (ret.)



Leslie E. Bauzon, Ph. D.

UP Diliman








               We live in trying and unsettling times when a sense of decency and dedication/commitment to service have been thrown out the window by the very people we have charged to work for the good of the nation. Is this because our people and, especially our leaders, have so little appreciation of our historical past and have not treasured the legacies of our history as a nation?


               Perhaps, for many people, the study of history serves no purpose because who wants to memorize names, places, and dates? But that is not what history is all about. The study of our history should serve the nation and should be the anchor on which the future should be planned, from which we could work out our national destiny. Our history should be the source and inspiration for the ethical standards and sense of public morality that is so lacking these days. For a country like ours that has been through colonial rule by foreign powers and whose people have given life and limb in defense of the dream to be free to work out their destiny, our history should be of paramount importance in shaping the concept of the nation that we are and should be.


               This is what the Philippine National Historical Society hopes to contribute to the nation – to encourage the research and writing of our history – all our histories, to put it more accurately, so that through the valuable lessons of the past, we can pull up this country from its depression – not just physical and economic depression but, more importantly, spiritual and moral as well. The PNHS is committed to the serious study of the history of our country that will make Filipinos identify with the nation and make us a proud nation of people who know they are Filipinos.


               In this endeavor, we need the support and assistance of all of our members and loyal participants.





                                                                                          Bernardita Reyes Churchill


                                                                           November 10, 2003






PNHS Newsletter Vol. 4



Bernardita R. Churchill

Francis A. Gealogo



               Emmanuel Franco Calairo