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PNHS Newsletter Vol. 8

Vol. 8 | November 2007 | Web: | E-mail:


27th National Conference

Revisits Visayan Historiography

at Leyte Normal University in

Tacloban City


The 27th National Conference on Local and National History of the Philippine National

Historical Society (PNHS) was held at the HRDC Main Theater of the Leyte Normal

University (LNU) in Tacloban City, Leyte, on Oct. 26-28, 2006.


The theme of the Conference w a s “Re v i s i t i ng Vi s a y a n Historiography, Revisioning

Philippine Historiography.” It sought to look at the state of Visayan historiography

and identify gaps that could be addressed by future or further research,

and to locate Visayan history in the context of a national Philippine historiography.

The keynote lecture was delivered by Resil B. Mojares, Professor emeritus of the

University of San Carlos in Cebu City. In a paper titled “Is there a Visayan

historiography?,” he spoke on the prospects of a “Visayan historiography”

as a way of revisioning Philippine historiography.

Four papers presented historiographic or historica  methodological topics.

Earl Jude Paul L. Cleope (Silliman University, Dumaguete City) presented a paper

on “The Visayas: Islands in the Seas, A Historical Perspective (Series 2),” which

explored a new framework for the writing of a “total” national history,

one that underscores the role of the sea (the Philippines being an archipelago)

as a factor in the historical development of the Visayas.

Rolando O. Borrinaga (School of Health Sciences, UP Manila, Palo, Leyte),

in “The Historiography of Eastern Visayas Revisited,” presented an inventory and

annotation of local history articles that appeared in Leyte-Samar Studies,

the Graduate School publication of the defunct Divine Word University of

Tacloban, through its 25-year publication from 1967 to 1992.

Maria Nela B. Florendo (UP College Baguio) in “The Family in History,”

underscored the importance of the family as a unit of analysis in

the reconstruction of the past. Calbi A. Asain’s (Mindanao State University).

Sulu) paper, “The Shari’ah in Muslim Filipino History,” traced the history

of the Shari’ah or Islamic Law in the country, its codification process, and its

gradual integration into the laws of the land. Nine papers presented different

facets of Visayan history, approached from different perspectives. Two

complementar y papers raised concerns about the contingent

distortion of myths or rituals to promote certain political agenda.

Tomasito A. Talledo  (UP Visayas, Miag-ao, Iloilo), in "A Preliminary Reading of Maragtas as Political Myth,” offered a preliminary reading of the Maragtas narrative

as reproduced in the texts of Pedro Alcantara Monteclaro, Magdalena Gonzaga

Mallari and Ricaredo D. Demetillo. In “The Turugpo Festival of Carigara, Leyte"

Rowena S. Guiang (UP Visayas Tacloban College) dealt with a religious festival

featuring cockfighting, carabao-and horsefighting now held every Black Saturday

of Holy Week in an old Leyte town. She documented the on-going subversion of

the festival’s tradition and historicity. In “The Holographs of Felipe Lianza, Sr. : Representat ion, Emplotment and Local History,” Jose N. Lianza (Leyte Normal 

University, Ta c loban Cit y).

Mariano Marcos State University in Batac, Ilocos Norte, is hosting the 26th National Conference on Local and National History of the Philippine National Historical Society (PNHS). The theme of the conference is "Focus on Northern Luzon: Local History in the Context of National History." PNHS President, Bernardita Reyes Churchill, Ph.D., convenes the conference on October 26-28, with Maria Eloisa G. Parco de Castro, as National Co-Convenor, and Regalado Trota Jose and Fe Leila E. Guerrero, as Local Convenors.

This is the 26th PNHS National Conference on Local and National History and the first to be convened by PNHS at Mariano Marcos State University in Batac. Aside from papers focusing on the history and culture of Northern Luzon, there are also papers on other regions in the archipelago, in keeping with the PNHS tradition of encouraging studies on the Visayas and Mindanao and Sulu that will reflect the multi-ethnic cultural and historical traditions of the Philippines and the Filipinos.

The following are the papers to be presented in this conference: "The Panday in Philippine Living Tradition," by Honey Libertine R. Achanzar-Labor, Ph.D. (UP Manila); "From Out of Nowhere: American Submarines and their Role in the Allied Campaign in the Philippines During World Wart II," by Winston Dean S. Almeda (Department of Foreign Affairs); "The Tausug Parang Sabil Kissa as Literary, Cultural, and Historical Materials," by Calbi A. Asain, Ph.D. (Mindanao State University-Sulu); "Traditional Chants in the Life Cycle of Ilocanos," by Mary Lou F. Aurelio, Ed.D. (Mariano Marcos State University); "Revaluating the Orthodox National History to Re-invigorate the Country's Regional Histories," by Arnold M. Azurin (CIDS, UP Diliman); "The Biliran Religious Revolt (1765-1774)," by Rolando O. Borrinaga, Ph.D. ( School of Health Sciences, UP Manila in Palo, Leyte); "The American Colonization in Negros as Revealed in The Silliman Truth," by Earl Jude Paul L. Cleope, Ph.D. (Silliman University); "Projecting America: The Office of War Information Guidelines for the Pacific Theater," by Sharon Delmendo, Ph.D. (St. John Fisher College, Rochester, NY, USA); "Space and Ethnicity: Ilocos-Cordillera Relations in History," by Maria Nela B. Florendo, Ph.D. (UP Baguio); "Cattle Caravans of Ancient Caboloan (Pangasinan): Connecting History, Culture, and Commerce by Cartwheel," by Maria Crisanta Nelmida-Flores, Ph.D. (UP Diliman); "Religion, Science, and Bayan in the Iglesia Filipina Independiente," by Francis A. Gealogo, Ph.D. (Ateneo de Manila); "Parish Archives: Setting the Records Straight in Writing History," by Fr. Ramon Danilo R. Laeda (Diocese of Laoag); "Return to the Forest: The Theme of Land and Location in the Literature of the Dulangan Manobo (Balik Lasang, Balik Gubat: Lupain at Lokasyon sa Panitikan ng mga Dulangan Manobo)," by Rosario Cruz-Lucero, Ph.D. (UP Diliman); "Juan Luna: The Dark Side of Genius," by Ambeth R. Ocampo (National Historical Institute, National Commission for Culture and the Arts); "The Iglesia Filipina Independiente Archives, A Virtually Unknown Treasure: The Mosher Library of St. Andrew's Theological Seminary," by Fr. Apolonio M. Ranche; "Representation sa Katawan at Katauhan ng Tinguian sa Potograpiya at Litograpiya Noong Dantaon-19," by Raymundo D. Rovillos, Ph.D. (UP Baguio); "History as Fiction, Fiction as History: Isabelo de los Reyes and the Historical Novel," by Delfin L. Tolentino, Jr. (UP Baguio); and "From Missions to Mainstream: Franciscan Missionary Efforts in Nueva Cáceres, Kabikolan, 1578-1768," by Stephen Henry S. Totanes, Ph.D. (Ateneo de Manila).

A special feature of the conference is a Workshop on Teaching and Research in Philippine History to be given by Digna B. Apilado ("The Methodology of Research in Local/Provincial History: Local History in the Context of National History"), and Eden M. Gripaldo, Ph.D. ("The Methodology of Oral History"), both from the Department of History, UP Diliman. They are also both PNHS Board Members.

Cavite State University Hosted 25th National Conference On Local And National History

The Philippine National Historical Society held its 25th National Conference on October 21-23, 2004 at the Cavite State University (CSU) in Indang, Cavite. The Conference was co-sponsored by the Cavite Historical Society (CHS), Cavite Studies Center of De la Salle University-Dasmariñas, National Historical Institute (NHI), and the National Commission for Culture and the Arts (NCCA)-Committee on Historical Research.

Emmanuel F. Calairo, Ph.D., of DLSU-Dasmariñas and also PNHS Board Member, was the local convenor. Bernardita Reyes Churchill, Ph.D., President of the PNHS, was the national convenor. The theme of the conference was "Cavite Studies and Beyond: Local History in the Context of National History," which focused on the history and culture of Cavite. There were also papers on the Visayas and Mindanao and Sulu, which PNHS traditionally has always included in its national conferences. The keynote speaker was the Hon. Cesar E.A. Virata, President of the Cavite Historical Society, who delivered a paper on "Cavite's Economic Transformation Over the Years." Guest speakers who welcomed the conference participants were Governor Irineo Ayong Maliksi, Rep. Gilbert C. Remulla, Rep. Joseph Emilio A. Abaya, retired Supreme Court Justice Justo P. Torres, Jr, and Indang Mayor Lope Tepora.

A special ceremony was held during the conference with the formal presentation of the Shonosuke Furuya Photograph Collection to the family of Emilio Aguinaldo. Shonosuke Furuya was a resident of Baguio City and the Balatoc Mines in the 1930s and was manager of Pine Studio in Baguio The collection consists of photographs taken by Shonosuke Furuya of General Emilio Aguinaldo and his family when he visited them in Kawit sometime in 1933. The presentation was made by his son, Einosuki Rodolfo Francis Furuya, and Dr. Patricia O. Afable. Accepting the gift was Hon. Cesar E.A. Virata on behalf of the Aguinaldo family.

The following were the Cavite papers presented in this conference: "Ang Anting-anting sa Cavite," by Jeffrey Alfaro Lubang (National Historical Institute, Curator, Maragondon Trial House); "Some Unpublished Folk Songs of Cavite Province: An Analysis of their Musical Elements in Relation to Curricular Utility," by Rosalinda G. Garibay and Edgar B. Tibayan (Cavite Studies Center, DLSU-Dasmariñas); "Gambilà: A Preliminary Framework for the Study of Philippine Culinary History with Multidisciplinary Impact on Contemporary Social Reality," by Felice Prudente Sta. Maria (Writer, Independent Scholar); "A Hispanic Legacy: Chabacano Poems," by Emmanuel Luis A. Romanillos (UP Diliman); "Social Realities in Early 19th Century Santa Cruz de Malabon as Reflected in Religious Folklore," by José Alain J. Austria (College of Saint Benilde, DLSU System); "Mga Limot na Bayaning Manunulat ng Cavite," by Efren R. Abueg (Writer-in-Residence, Cavite Studies Center, DLSU-Dasmariñas); "Ang Samahang Kudyapi at Iba Pang Mga Alagad ng Sining: Isang Paga-aral sa Kasaysayan ng Panitikan sa Bayan ng Noveleta, Kabite," by Emmanuel Franco Calairo (Cavite Studies Center, DLSU-Dasmariñs); "Notes on the Artistic Achievements of the Secular Clergy of Spanish Colonial Cavite," by Regalado Trota José, Jr. (University of Santo Tomas); "Cavite Population History during the Nineteenth Century," by Francis A. Gealogo (Ateneo de Manila University); "Pacification Through Land Redistribution: The Case of Hacienda de Imus, 1900-1913," by Rene R. Escalante (De La Salle University-Manila); "Ang Buhay ng Pangkaraniwang Mamamayan sa Cavite sa Panahon ng Himagsikan, 1896-1898," by Ronaldo R. Mactal (De La Salle University); "Historical Development of Cavite State University," by Ruperto S. Sangalang and A.G. Papa (Cavite State University); "A Survey of Documentary Sources in the Archives of the University of Santo Tomas from 1619-1899," by Maria Eloisa P. de Castro (University of Santo Tomas), and "The Historiography of Cavite Province in the Context of National History," by Bernardita Reyes Churchill.

The other papers presented were the following: "Roman Catholicism in Limasawa Island," by Daniel Codilla Talde (UP in the Visayas-Tacloban); "Juan de Santa Cruz and the Establishment of the Spanish Mission of the Marianas Islands during the 17th Century," by Augusto V. de Viana (National Historical Institute); "Captain Mariano A. Pacheco: The Most Accomplished Revolutionary Leader during the Philippine-American War in Leyte," by Rolando O. Borrinaga (School of Health Sciences, UP Manila in Palo, Leyte); "Visayan-Tagalog Tensions in the Philippine Revolution," by Earl Jude Paul Cleope (Silliman University); "Parallels and Contrasts in the History of Muslim Filipinos," by Calbi A. Asain (MSU-Sulu); "Walter H. Loving and the Philippine Constabulary Band," by Antonio C. Hila (De La Salle University); and "The Historical Novel," by Elmer A. Ordoñez (University of the Philippines).

There was also a film showing of "Isla" (Corregidor), a documentary by Mirana R. Medina, sister of the late Cavite historian, Isagani R. Medina. The two-day conference was capped by a Lakbay-Aral bus tour of the historical sites of Cavite, facilitated by the DLSU-Cavite Studies Center, in cooperation with the Historical Societies of Indang, Maragondon, and General Trias , culminating in tours of the Geronimo Berenguer de los Reyes Museum in General Trias, the Museo De la Salle in Dasmariñas, and the Emilio Aguinaldo Shrine in Kawit.

An offshoot of the Cavite Conference was the donation to the Philippine National Historical Society of an 1898 map of the Philippine Islands. It is a detailed naval chart of the Philippines, including its adjacent islands, taken from Spanish surveys in 1873 by Captain Claudio Montero. In June 1898, the US Department of Navy published the map at the US Naval Hydrographic Office in Washington, D.C. The map measures 4'6" x 8'2.5" (137 cm. X 250 cm.). It was donated by Ms. Lour Desiree Latimer from her private collection, through Representative Gilbert C. Remulla of the 2nd District, Cavite, and Chairman of the Committee on Public Information. The donation ceremony took place at the North Lounge, Main Building of the House of Representatives on December 6, 2004. The PNHS President, with PNHS Secretary, Maria Eloisa P. de Castro, accepted the donation on behalf of the Philippine National Historical Society.

In Memoriam
Isagani R. Medina (1920-2004)


Dr. Isagani R. Medina, Professor emeritus, Department of History, UP Diliman, passed away on October 28, 2004 at the age of 74. He was born on Corregidor Island on 30 April 1930. His Ph.D. dissertation was later published as Cavite Before the Revolution, 15711-1896, which remains as one of the richest data-sources on his beloved Cavite province.

Dr. Medina started his professional career as a librarian and served as the Filipiniana specialist at the University Library of the University of the Philippines. He was an assiduous researcher who enjoyed working in several archives in the Philippines and abroad wherever he could locate Filipiniana source materials - in Mexico, Spain, the Vatican, Italy, among others. He obtained his Ph.D. in History from UP Diliman in 1985.

He served as Vice-President of the Manila Studies Association, Inc., Board Member of the Philippine National Historical Society, Inc., and the National Committee on Historical Research of the National Commission for Culture and the Arts (NCCA).

PNHS Forum Series

The PNHS inaugurated a forum series on history, historiography, and Philippine studies in October 2001, usually featuring colleagues in the academe visiting the country either to do research or deliver special lectures. The latest in the series are the following:

Forum Series # 11 (2004 Series)
November 10, 2004
Vicente R. Rafael, Ph.D., Professor of History,
University of Washington, Seattle, USA
"Castilian, or the Colonial Uncanny:
Translation and the Vernacular Theater"

The lecture dealt with the politics of translation in the formation of a proto-nationalist public sphere in the 19th century Spanish Philippines.

Forum Series # 12 (2004 Series)
November 15, 2004
Nariko Sugaya
Ehime University, Matsuyama-shi, Japan
"Becoming Spanish Subjects: Chinese Society
in the Spanish Philippines, 1750-1820"

The lecture presented the Chinese policy of the Philippine colonial government during the period under consideration, particularly its efforts to keep track of the Chinese immigrants in order to make them "true" Spanish subjects. In reality, whether or not they became "true" Spanish subjects, they were steadily integrated into the colonial society through legal marriage with local women, and from these unions descended the Chinese mestizos.

Forum Series # 13 (2004 Series)
November 27, 2004
William Summers, Ph.D.
Professor of Historical Musicology
Dartmouth College, Hanover,
New Hampshire, USA
"The Role of the Black Legend in the
US Occupation Activities of the Philippine Islands"

The Black Legend, or la leyenda negra, born in the 16th century, refers to a body of anti-Spanish prejudices that viewed the 1492 arrival of the Spanish in the New world (the Americas) as "an invasion," fueled by greed and leading to "genocide." The Black Legend continued to distort American vision of the past in relation to Spain, including at the turn of the 20th century when the United States became a colonial power in the Philippines.

Forum Series # 14 (2005 Series)
July 15, 2005
Belinda A. Aquino, Professor of Political
Science and Asian Studies
Director, Center for Philippine Studies,
University of Hawai'i at Mano'a,
Honolulu, USA

Dr. Aquino did an update on the International Philippine Studies Conference (ICOPHIL 2008 to be hosted by the University of the Philippines in commemoration of its Centenary) and the European Philippine Studies Conference (EUROPHIL 2007). She also informed the group about the Philippine Studies Group (Association for Asian Studies, USA), chaired by Prof. Susan D. Russell, Department of Anthropology, Northern Illinois University, Dekalb, Illinois, and invited active participation in the annual meetings of the Association for Asian Studies (USA) where the Philippine presence has been very limited.

Forum Series # 15 (2005 Series)
August 5, 2005
Susan D. Russell, Professor of Anthropology,
Northern Illinois University
Dekalb, Illinois, USA.
"Mindanao: A Perspective on Youth,
Inter-Ethnic Dialogue, and Conflict
Resolution in the Southern Philippines"


Since its founding in 1941, the Philippine National Historical Society has actively maintained institutional linkages with centers and institutes of learning and research on various aspects of Philippine history and culture, through membership and/or participation of PNHS Board members. These are the institutional profiles of organizations and institutes that the PNHS currently has active linkages with.

Manila Studies Association, Inc.
40 Matiwasay Street, UP Village
Diliman, Quezon City 1101
Tel: 921-4575 Telefax: 926-1347
President: Bernardita Reyes Churchill, Ph.D.
PNHS Institutional Member (2004)

The Manila Studies Association was formally established on June 15, 1989, at the initiative of the late Prof. Alfredo Tiamson of UP Manila after a successful 1st Manila Studies Conference. It is a non-profit professional organization devoted to the study of all aspects of Manila studies - historical and contemporary. The MSA annual conferences have been held in various institutions in Manila, including Adamson University, De La Salle University, Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila, the University of Santo Tomas, and at the National Commission for Culture and the Arts. Papers from the MSA Conferences have been published in a monograph series entitled Manila.

DLSU Cavite Studies Center
De La Salle University - Dasmariñas, Cavite
Director: Assoc. Prof. Emmanuel Franco Calairo, Ph.D.
Tel: (046) 416-4531, loc. 3141
Fax: (046) 416-4397, loc. 3151
PNHS Institutional Member (2004)

The Cavite Studies Center (CSC) is the research arm of De La Salle University - Dasmariñas, focusing on historical and cultural research on the Province of Cavite. To date, the Cavite Studies Center, in cooperation with the Cavite Historical Society, Inc., has published various books on Cavite town histories and on various aspects of Cavite local history. The Center is currently developing its collection of photocopied archival documents from various archives and microfilm reels on selected rare periodicals.

Cavite Historical Society
Emilio Aguinaldo Shrine, Kawit, Cavite

The Cavite Historical Society (CHS) was founded in order to promote and encourage research and studies on Cavite local history. The organization was established in 1977 with Dr. Paulo Campos as founder and first president. The society is an affiliate member of the National Historical Institute. Since its conception, the society has been able to push for the completion and promotion of studies dealing with the local history of the province. Municipal and City historical societies have been established to coordinate with CHS. At present the Cavite Historical Society is headed by Former Prime Minister Cesar E.A. Virata, as President, and Justice Justo P. Torres, Jr., as Vice President.

For several years now, CHS, with its affiliated members, has been able to preserve and promote Caviteño heritage by safeguarding the historical sites in the province, assisting researchers in their undertakings, publishing researches and publications focused on Cavite, and funding projects that enhance awareness on the history and culture of Cavite. During the recent centennial celebration, CHS aggressively participated in the promotion of local history and culture. Various researches were funded by the society. Among them are Isagani Medina's "Cavite Before the Revolution" (1994), Onofre Corpuz's "The Saga and Triumph: The Filipino Revolution Against Spain" (1999), and Samuel Tan's "The Filipino-American War, 1899-1913" (2002). Moreover, since 1998, CHS has been in close coordination with the Cavite Studies Center of De La Salle University-Dasmariñas. Through their partnership, a seminar on local history and culture is convened every year.

The Cavite Historical Society hosted the 25th National Conference on Local and National History in October 2005. The PNHS President, Dr. Bernardita Reyes Churchill, who comes from the Abueg clan from the town of Rosario (Salinas), Cavite, has been appointed historian adviser/consultant to the CHS. PNHS Secretary, Maria Eloisa P. de Castro, from Caridad, Cavite City, attends CHS regular meetings in representation of Dr. Churchill in her absence.

Department of History
University of Asia and the Pacific
Pasig City, Metro Manila
Chair: Maria Svetlana Camacho, Ph.D.
PNHS Institutional Member (2004)

Institute of Bicol History and Culture
Ateneo de Naga University, Naga City 440
Director: Danilo M. Gerona, Ph.D.
Tel: (054) 473-08-21; Fax: (054)472-9253

The Institute of Bikol History and Culture was launched on February 15, 2002 as the research unit of the Ateneo de Naga University. It is primarily concerned with the preservation of materials on Bikol history and culture and with the productive use of such materials in research, fora, and symposia. Its first Director was Stephen Henry S. Totanes, Ph.D., currently also PNHS Board Member

The official journal of the Institute is Sarabihón, A Journal of Sorsogon Studies.

Juan D. Nepomuceno Center for Kapampangan Studies
Holy Angel University, Angeles City
Director: Robert P. Tantingco
Tel: (045) 888-8691; Fax: (045) 888-2514; E-mail:

The Center for Kapampangan Studies formally opened on March 8, 2002 and was established for purposes of research, publication, training and instruction, advocacy, conservation and outreach, and performances in Kapampangan history and culture. The Center publishes a quarterly newsletter, Singsing and Alaya Kapampangan Research Journal.

National Commission for Culture and the Arts - Committee on Historical Research
633 General Luna Street
Intramuros, Manila 2002

The Philippine National Historical Society, Inc., is an accredited organization of the National Commission for Culture and the Arts and its representative (the PNHS President) sits in the Committee on Historical Research.

PNHS Members serving as Executive Committee Members

Earl Jude Paul Cleope, Ph.D. (Silliman University) - Vice Head

Rene R. Escalante, Ph.D. (De La Salle University) - Secretary

Maria Eloisa P. de Castro (University of Santo Tomas) - Assistant Secretary

Ronaldo R. Mactal, Ph.D. (De La Salle University)

Daniel C. Talde (UP in the Visayas- Tacloban)

Francis A. Gealogo, Ph.D. (Ateneo de Manila University) - PNHS Representative

Emmanuel F. Calairo, Ph.D. (Cavite Studies Center, DLSU Dasmariñas)

Violeta Ignacio, Ph.D. (UP Pampanga)

Surigaonon Heritage Center, Surigao City
President: Fernando A. Almeda, Jr.
Executive Director: Irenetta C. Montinola, Ph.D.

The Surigaonon Heritage Center (SHC) was incorporated on October 8, 1986. In 2000, the Center was the recipient of the Rotary Outstanding Surigaonon Award (ROSA) for history and culture in the Institution Category. On February 14, 2001, it opened its museum-study center and library, making it one of the few, if not the only, non-governmental organization (NGO) to have that kind of facility. The SHC is duly recognized as an affiliate of the National Historical Institute.

Samaka (Samahan ng mga Mag-aaral sa Kasaysayan)
Department of Social Sciences
College of Arts and Social Sciences
Philippine Normal University
Taft Avenue, Manila
President: Marco Paolo M. Lovendino
Adviser: Prof. Remedios C. Ong

Seminar-Workshop on Philippine Historiography: Local and Oral History
Sponsored by Samahan ng Mag-aaral sa Kasaysayan (SAMAKA)
Philippine Normal University, September 5, 2005

For the second year in a row (since 2004), PNHS has been invited by SAMAKA of Philippine Normal University to give lectures on Philippine history. On September 5, 2005, a Seminar-Workshop on Philippine Historiography was conducted by PNHS Board Members. Prof. Digna B. Apilado, Prof. Gil G. Gotiangco, Jr. II, Dr. Eden M. Gripaldo, and the PNHS President delivered lectures to history majors of SAMAKA on the methodology of research on local history and oral history. The lectures delivered were the following: "Philippine Historiography: The State of the Art and Agenda for Research," by Bernardita Reyes Churchill; "Ang Kasaysayang Pasalita at ang Lokal na Kasaysayan," by Eden M. Gripaldo; "The Teaching and Research of Ilocos History,: by Digna B. Apilado; and "Field Research in Laguna: In Pursuit of Local Historical Study." A lively open form and workshop followed the lectures where critical questions were directed at the speakers to clarify some issues in Philippine historiography.


Some members of the Philippine National Historical Society are currently affiliated with international academic associations especially organized to promote scholarly exchange among members of the academic community involved in Philippine, Southeast Asian, and Asian studies in general. Some of these associations are the following:

Philippine Studies Association for Australia, Inc. (PSAA)
Asian Studies Association of Australia (ASAA)
Home page:
President: Michael Pinches, Ph.D.
Secretary: Paul Mathews, Ph.D.

The PSAA publishes a Newsletter which highlights significant achievements of Filipinists and trends in Philippine studies in Australia.

Philippine Studies Group of the Association for Asian Studies
Southeast Asia Council, Association for Asian Studies
Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
Executive Secretary: Susan Russell, Ph.D.

The PNHS President serves as a Member of the Board of the Advisory Council until 2007.

PSG Web:
Pilipinas: A Journal of Philippine Studies
Editor: Paul Mathews, Ph.D.
AAS Journal: Journal of Asian Studies

2005 Annual Meeting of the Association for Asian Studies (AAS), Chicago, Illinois, USA, March 31-April 3, 2005

"A Roundtable on Mindanao: The Continuing Philippine Crisis" was chaired by Prof. Belinda A. Aquino (University of Hawai'i at Mano'a), on April 1, 2005, at the 2005 AAS Meeting held in Chicago. The panel of speakers consisted of Federico Magdalena (University of Hawaii), Susan Russell (Northern Illinois University), Nagasura Madale (Capitol University, Cagayan de Oro), and Bernardita Reyes Churchill (Philippine National Historical Society). The roundtable discussed the major current issues in the continuing crisis situation in Mindanao, which is now on its fourth decade. Prof. Aquino identified the following issues for discussion: (1) Mindanao's involvement in the current US-Initiated war on terrorism in Southeast Asia; (2) the protracted peace negotiations between the Philippine government and the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF); (3) the lingering poverty and underdevelopment of Mindanao; (4) the issue of ancestral domain; and (5) the impact on Mindanao of the proposal to change the form of government from a presidential unitary system to a federal parliamentary government. The PNHS President presented the historical roots of the problem to put the current Mindanao situation in historical context.

Several PNHS Board Members are long-time members of the Association for Asian Studies, among them, Stephen Henry S. Totanes, Maria Eloisa P. de Castro, and the PNHS President. Paper presentations at the AAS Annual Meetings are open only to AAS Members.

Asociación Española de Estudios del Pacífico
Colegio Mayor Universitario Nrta. Sra. De Africa
Avenida Ramiro de Maetzu, s/n. Ciudad Universitario
28040 Madrid, España

The Asociación dates back to 1986 with the establishment of the Asociación Cultural "Islas del Pacífico." In 1988, it adopted the name Asociación Española de Estudios del Pacífico (AEEP). Florentino Rodao, who has been actively involved with AEEP, is a lifetime PNHS member The Asociación has engaged in various activities, including publications, conferences (including on the Philippines, held in Valladolid, Madrid , and Alcala) and roundtable discussions, exhibits and seminars. It has been publishing the Revista Española del Pacífico since 1991. Among its publications are the following: Estudios sobre Filipinas y las Islas del Pacífico (1989); España y el Pacífico(1989); Orientate en Oriente (1997); España y el Pacífico 2 (1997);

Philippine Studies Association, Inc.
Philippine Social Science Center
Commonwealth Avenue, Quezon City 1101
Mailing Address: 40 Matiwasay Street, UP Village, Diliman, Quezon City 1101
Tel: 921-4575 Telefax: 926-13347

The Philippine Studies Association, Inc., (PSA) was formed in 1984 with the purpose "to promote study, criticism, and research in Philippine languages, literature, culture and society, and to further the common interests of teachers and scholars in these fields." (By-Laws, Article 1, Section 2). The PSA is duly registered with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC Reg. No. 124621). Among its charter members were Ofelia R. Angangco, Isagani R. Cruz, the late Doreen G. Fernandez, Andrew Gonzalez, FSC, Patricia B. Licuanan, Bienvenido Lumbera, and Nicanor Tiongson.

To implement its goal, the association's first activity was the First National Philippine Studies Conference held at the Philippine Social Science Center in Quezon City from February 11-13, 1985. The conference brought together scholars engaged in the different fields of Philippine Studies. In an exchange of research methods, findings, and perspectives, there took place interdisciplinary dialogue on Philippine matters and materials among scholars outside Metro Manila, scholars new in the field or as yet unpublished, as well as established scholars. As the first Philippine Studies conference on Philippine soil, it was an exploration of the extent, development, and needs of Philippine studies and an update on the breadth and depth of the field. It also affirmed Philippine Studies as a field, interdisciplinarity as a mode of dialogue, and the examination of Philippine reality both micro- and macro-as an ongoing concern.

The Philippine Studies Association, Inc., is linked with the Philippine Studies Group (PSG) of the Southeast Asia Council of the Association for Asian Studies (USA) (currently chaired by Susan Russell), and the International Organizing Committee for Philippine Studies Conferences (currently chaired by Belinda A. Aquino, Director, Center for Philippine Studies, University of Hawai'i at Mano'a). The PNHS President sits in the Organizing Committee of ICOPHIL.

As a result of this linkage, the PSA has sponsored the following international conferences: 3rd International Philippine Studies Conference on July 13-17, 1989, at the Philippine Social Center; 4th International Philippine Studies Conference in Canberra, Australia in 1992; 6th International Philippine Studies Conference at the Philippine Social Science Center in 2000. In 2004, the PSA, through its President, Bernardita Reyes Churchill, acted as country coordinator for the 7th International Philippine Studies Conference held in Leiden on June 16-19, 2004.

The current PSA Board is composed of the following: Bernardita Reyes Churchill, Ph.D. (President), Eufracio A. Abaya, Ph.D. (Vice President), Francis A. Gealogo, Ph.D. (Secretary-Treasurer), Corazon B. Lamug, Ph.D., Priscelina Patajo-Legasto, Ph.D., Bienvenido Lumbera, Ph.D., Virginia A. Miralao, Ph.D., Jose M. Cruz, S.J., Ph.D., Nicanor Tiongson, Ph.D., Tomasito Talledo, Rowena Reyes-Boquiren, Ph.D. Erlinda K. Alburo, Ph.D., Elizabeth L. Enriquez, Alice Pingol, Ph. D., and Rudy Rodil.

Updates on Conferences 2004-2005

International Seminar on Fernão de Magalhães: The Historical
1st Voyage of Globalization
UST Library, October 25-26, 2004

This two-day international seminar focused on Ferdinand Magellan's voyage to Asia, viewing it as the first voyage of globalization. A select group of historians from Portugal, Spain, Macao, and the Philippines participated in the seminar. The first day's session, on October 25, was chaired by Dr. Francis A. Gealogo (Ateneo de Manila University) and the following papers were presented: "Portuguese Sources on Fernão de Magalhães' World Voyage: Documention, Historiography and Renaissance Cultures," by Prof. José Manuel Garcia (Portuguese National Archives); "Ferdinand Magellan and Fray Bartolome de las Casas: Their Convergence in the Philippines," by Rev. Fr. Fidel F. Villarröel, O.P. (Archivist and Historian of the University of Santo Tomas). The discussant was Rev. Fr. Jose Arcilla, S.J. (Ateneo de Manila University).

Session 2 was chaired by Dr. Antonio C. Hila (De la Salle University) and the following papers were presented: "Peregrinatio, Sin, Sexuality and Mens Mercatori: The Other Voyages of Fernão de Magalahães," by Prof. Ivo Carneiro de Sousa (Director of CEPESA - Portuguese Center for the Study of Southeast Asia and University of Porto, Portugal); "Seeds of Change, Seeds of Exchange: Magellan and the Philippines," by Dr. Bernardita Reyes Churchill (President, Philippine National Historical Society). Discussant for this session was Dr. Benito J. Legarda, Jr. (National Historical Institute).

Capping the activities on the first day was the launching of two books - "International Conference Proceedings, Macau-Philippines Historical Relations," University of Macau, February 2004; and "Asia and Europe in the History of Globalization," by Prof. Ivo Carneiro de Sousa. The event was hosted by the Portuguese Ambassador, Joao Caetano da Silva, the launching being part of the Portuguese Festival celebrated in the same month.

The second day was devoted to two Roundtable Discussions. The morning session was on "The Voyages of Globalization: Interdisciplinary Researches," which was chaired by Dr. Maria Antonia de Espadinha, Chair, Portuguese Department, University of Macau. Participant to this roundtable discussion was Dr. Filomeno Aguilar, Director of the Institute for Philippine Culture, Ateneo de Manila University. Moderating the proceedings was Dr. Joyce Arriola (Chair, Department of Media Studies, UST Faculty of Arts and Letters, University of Santo Tomas).

The afternoon session was chaired by Prof. José Manuel Garcia, with Prof. Regalado Trota Jose (Graduate School, University of Santo Tomas) acting as moderator. The participants in this roundtable discussion were Prof. Digna Apilado (University of the Philippines-Diliman) and Dr. Benito J. Legarda, Jr.

The highlight of the international seminar was the signing of a Memorandum of Understanding between the University of Santo Tomas and the Portuguese Centre for the Study of Southeast Asia (CEPESA). Rev. Fr. Juan V. Ponce, O.P., Executive Vice Rector signed for UST while Prof. Ivo Carneiro de Sousa signed for CEPESA. Among the most significant features of the Memorandum of Understanding is the creation of the Fernão de Magalhães Professorial Chair on the History of Portugal at the UST Faculty of the Graduate School where a leading Portuguese historian will teach a course on Portuguese History every year. A significant number of books will be collected from different research institutions, universities and archives in Portugal to be donated to the UST Central Library to start a specialized unique collection on Portuguese History. The long-term objective of the Memorandum is to be able to carry out an exchange of scholars between Portugal and the Philippines that will undertake research collaboration and sustained institutional and individual academic linkages.

This activity is the fifth in a series of Philippine-Portuguese Seminars begun by the H.E. Joao Caetano da Silva, Ambassador of Portugal to the Philippines, which started with a Lecture-Forum and Exhibit on "Explorations: The 1st Portuguese Maps and Drawings of Southeast Asia and the Philippines" held on October 15-16, 2002 at the Metropolitan Museum of Manila.

India and the Philippines: Trade and Cultural Links
Seminar Collateral -- India: The Living Art
Museum of the Filipino People, National Museum of the Philippines
October 28-29, 2004

This two-day seminar was focused on trade and cultural connections between India and the Philippines, and was a collateral to the exhibition "India: The Living Arts." Indian and Filipino scholars presented the following papers: "Textiles and Tradition: The Creative Expression," by Prof. Jasleen Dhamija; "Indian Trade Textile and Transformation of Philippine Muslim Textile Traditions," by David B. Baradas, Ph.D.; "Linguistics and Trade Links between the Philippines and India," by Prof. Juan Francisco, Ph.D.; "India and the Philippines: Trade Contacts," by Marilyn Canta; "Problems in Textile Research," by Marian Pastor Roces; "The Patola," by Ramon N. Villegas; "India and the Philippines: Trade and Cultural Links," by Tinoo Joshi. Former Senator Leticia Ramos-Shahani, Chairman of the Filipino-Indian Friendship Association, was the keynote speaker of the seminar during and in her speech, she called for more in-depth studies by Filipino scholars of the history of Philippine-Indian cultural and historical relations.

Symposium: Revising the Fair, A 21st Century Look at the 1903 St. Louis Fair
Cordillera Studies Center, University of the Philippines Baguio, UP Center for Integrative and Development Studies
November 18-19, 2004

Filipino scholars from the Philippines and the United States "revisited" the World's Fair held in 1904 at St. Louis, Missouri, and reviewed the display of Igorots in what was once dubbed as "the greatest show on earth." Papers on colonial discourse situated the Fair and the Igorot participation in the context of imperialism. The papers presented included the following: "Ang Tingguian at Igorot sa 1887 Exposición General de Filipinas sa Madrid," by Raymundo D. Rovillos (UP Baguio); "The St. Louis Philippine Reservation: World's Fair Exhibitions as Colonial Discourse and Counter-Insurgency," by Oscar V. Campomanes (Ateneo de Manila University); "Revisiting the St. Louis Exposition of 1904: Filipinos on Display," by Stephen Henry S. Totanes (Ateneo de Manila University); "The Suyoc People Who Went to St. Louis 100 Years Ago: The Search for My Ancestors," by Antonio S. Buangan (San Francisco, California, USA); "Voices From The Other Side: Some Impressions from the Igorot Participants at the 1904 St. Louis Fair," by June Prill-Brett (UP Baguio); "Moving Beyond the Generic Savage of the 1900s Fairs: A Review of Seidenadel's Linguistic Work and the Philippine Craftsman," by Patricia O. Afable (Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.); and "Meet me at the Apocalypse? Tracing Igorot Subjects from St. Louis to Apocalypse Now," by Deirdre McKay (Australian National University) and Padmapani Perez (Leiden University).

Three very interesting and provocative films were shown during the symposium: "Savage Acts: Wars, Fairs and Empire, 1898-1904"; "A World on Display"; and "Bontoc Eulogy."

The 2nd National Cordillera Studies Conference will be hosted by the Cordillera Studies Center on November 17-18, 2005, at the University of the Philippines Baguio. The Conference theme is "New Perspectives and Directions in Cordillera Studies," and aims to present different perspectives in the study of Cordillera society and cultures and to provide directions for a research agenda on issues that confront the Cordillera.

For Registration and Inquiries: The Secretariat, Cordillera Studies Center, University of the Philippines Baguio, 2600 Baguoi City. Telefax: (074) 442-5794; E-mail:

UNESCO National Conference
UNESCO-Philippine Millennium Development Goal and Its Partners in Re-Engineering Education for Sustainable Development
Department of Foreign Affairs, January 20, 2005

The Philippine National Historical Society was invited to participate in the UNESCO National Conference last January 20-21, 2005 on the theme "The Philippine Millennium Development Goal (MDG for 2001-2005) and the Re-engineering of Education for Sustainable Development." The national conference aimed to gather the members of the UNESCO National Commission of the Philippines to review projects on education, communication, social and human sciences, culture, and science and technology, and to discuss concrete strategies to re-engineer education for sustainable development. The PNHS President was represented by Maria Eloisa P de Castro, PNHS Secretary.

19th World Congress of the International Association for the History of Religions (IAHR), March 24-30, 2005, Tokyo, Japan

Two members of the PNHS Board attended the 19th World Congress of the International Association for the History of Religions (IAHR) held in Tokyo, Japan, last March 24-30, 2005. Dr. Violeta S. Ignacio's paper discussed the methods of conversion used by the Spanish missionaries in the 16th to the 17th centuries. Prof. Digna B. Apilado's paper, "Pre-Christian Beliefs and Practices Among Catholic Ilocanos," discussed four rituals of pre-colonial origin practiced by modern-day Catholics in the Ilocos region and how these practices reflect certain developments in the history of the Ilocos provinces. They were part of a panel of five speakers in the topic "The Role of the Roman Catholic Church in Historical Change in the Philippines."

Lecture Forum
"Discussing the 1st Portuguese Maps with the Philippines, 1512-1571"
June 9, 2005, Central Library, University of Santo Tomas, Manila

In celebration of Portuguese National Day on June 10, 2005, the Embassy of Portugal, in cooperation with the Office of Academic Affairs, University of Santo Tomas, sponsored a lecture forum on the subject "Discussing the 1st Portuguese Maps with the Philippines, 1512-1571," by Prof. Ivo Carneiro de Sousa, Director of the Portuguese Centre for the Study of Southeast Asia (CEPESA), Portugal, held at the UST Central Library Conference Room last June 9, 2005.

A launch of Prof. de Sousa's book of the same title was held right after the lecture forum. The book contains the earliest maps that included the Philippines, made by Portuguese cartographers between 1512 and 1571. Many of the maps are rare and are found in different libraries and archives in Europe and the United States. This Portuguese connection is a little-known facet in Philippine history that has only been recently given visibility largely through the efforts of H.E. Joao Caetano da Silva who has personally supported an active and sustained dialogue between Portuguese historians and their Philippine counterparts.

International Symposium
"Manila, World Entrepot: 16th-19th Century Exchange of Objects Between Asia, Europe, and the Americas"
July 8-10, 2005, Ayala Museum, Makati

The new Ayala Museum sponsored an international symposium on "Manila, World Entreport: 16th-19th Century Exchange of Objects Between Asia, Europe, and the Americas" last July 8-10, 2005 that began with a guided gallery tour of the exhibit "Power+Faith+Image: Philippine Art in Ivory" conducted by Ramon N. Villegas, the co-curator of the exhibit. Regalado Trota Jose was co-curator of the exhibit. The opening program was held at the Manila Peninsula where cocktails and dinner were served to guests and participants. Speakers featured at this opening were Dr. Benito J. Legarda, Jr. who delivered a paper on "The Galleon Trade- Cultural and Economic Implications" and Dr. Edward J. Sullivan, Dean of Humanities, Faculty of Arts and Science, New York University, whose paper was on "Global Exchange of Objects and Ideas."

Nine lectures were spread out through the second day: "Material and Linguistic Linkages between Latin America and the Philippines," by Dr. Fernando N. Zialcita (Ateneo de Manila University); "Artistic and Cultural Exchange on the Jesuit Missions in Asia and the Americas," by Dr. Rene Javellana, S.J. (Ateneo de Manila University); "The Iconography of the Virgin in Philippine Ivory Art," by Regalado Trota Jose (University of Santo Tomas Graduate School); and "Emblems of Interaction," by Johanna Hecht, (Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York). Discussant for the morning session was Ambeth Ocampo, Chair of the National Historical Institute and the National Commission for Culture and the Arts.

The afternoon's lectures were given by Dr. Florina Capistrano-Baker on "Multiple Originals, Original Multiples: 19th Century Images of Philippine Costumes; Architect Michael Manalo on "The Philippines and the Final Metamorphosis of Mudejar Architecture"; Esperanza Gatbonton on "Collecting Spanish Colonial Art in the Philippines," (author and independent scholar); and Margarita Estella Barron on "Dated Philippine Ivories in Spain." Corazon Alvina, Director of the National Museum of the Philippines, was the discussant for this session.

The third day was devoted exclusively to a panel on conservation and information services. Clayton C. Kirking, Chief of the Art Information Services of the New York Public Library spoke specifically on the Damian Domingo pieces that were loaned to the Ayala Museum. Graeme Scott, Head of Conservation, National Museum of Ethnology, Leiden, The Netherlands, explained the provenance of the 19th century Philippine costumes lent by their Museum as well as the Museum's Loan Program. Kenneth Esguerra, Head of Conservation, Ayala Museum, was the session moderator.

The Symposium ended with a final viewing of the collections on display before they were packed to be shipped back to their respective institutions after being on display at Ayala Museum for a year.

Conference on "World War II in the Philippines: Remembering 60 Years After"
National Historical Institute and Graduate School, University of Santo Tomas
August 16-17, 2005

In commemoration of the 60th Anniversary of the end of World War II in the Philippines, a two-day conference was held on August 16-17, 2005, which included speakers who experienced the war as well as historians who have done significant work on what many Filipinos consider to be one of the most difficult times in the history of the country. Among those who shared their memories of the war were Fr. Miguel Bernad, S.J., of Xavier University, who delivered the keynote address; Dr. Benito J. Legarda, Jr., of Memorare Manila 1945 ("The Philippines in the Pacific War"); Fr. James Reuter, S.J. of the National Office of Mass Media ("The Internee's Experience"); Dr. Armand Fasbella, former Secretary of the Department of Education ("Civilian Experience during the Occupation"); Mr. Oscar Lopez, Chairman of the First Philippine Holdings Corporation ("Ordeal of Baguio"); Mr. Edgar Krohn, Jr., of Memorare Manila 1945 ("The German Community in Manila during the Japanese Occupation"); Dean Gloria M. Santos of the Philippine Historical Association ("Economic Life during the Japanese Occupation: Civilian Support for the Resistance Movement"); and National Artist F.Sionil Jose ("Filipino Reaction to the Atomic Bomb and the End of the War").

The other speakers included Jose Antonio Custodio, Curator of the AFP Museum ("Defending Luzon: Comparable Strategies, 1941-1942 and 1945"); Dr. Cesar Pobre of Philippine History Foundation ("The Guerrilla Movement"); Dr. Luis C. Dery of De La Salle University ("Cultural Policies during the Japanese Occupation"); Prof. Santiago Pilar of the University of the Philippines ("The Loss of Cultural Heritage During the Japanese Occupation"); Prof. Jose Ma. Bonifacio Escoda of Adamson University ("The Battle for Manila"); Dr. Ricardo T. Jose of the University of the Philippines ("War Criminals: Crime and Punishment"); and Dr. Augusto V. de Viana, of the National Historical Institute ("The Collaboration Issue").

First Regional Seminar-Workshop in Philippine Studies in the Visayas
September 9-10, 2005, Cebu City

The Philippine Studies Association, in coordination with the Cebuano Studies Center and the Department of History of the University of San Carlos, recently convened its First Regional Seminar-Workshop on Philippine Studies in the Visayas at the Golden Peak Hotel, Gorordo, Cebu City last September 9-10, 2005.

With the theme "Philippine Studies in the Visayas," the seminar-workshop was the first attempt of PSA to organize a regional-seminar workshop that brought together scholars, academics, and directors of several research centers and universities in the Visayas.

In his keynote address, former PNHS Vice President for the Visayas, Dr. Resil Mojares, Professor Emeritus at the University of San Carlos, commented on the long tradition of local studies conferences that has been realized primarily due to the efforts of national historical societies like the PNHS. At the same time, he challenged the different research centers in the Visayas to problematize the concepts, methodologies, and theories that usually come with local studies, particularly the concerns about the national-local, local-regional, intra-regional and local-local interactions. He proposed working towards a synthesis of the many studies in various disciplines and to look at neglected areas in Philippine studies that need attention for further research.

Among the participants were the directors and academics of the Cebuano Studies Center of the University of San Carlos; the Center for West Visayan Studies of UP Miag-ao; the Central Visayan Studies Center of the UP Cebu; the University of San Agustin Research Centers in Iloilo; Silliman University, and Leyte Normal University. In the seminar-workshop, these centers had an opportunity to establish networks and linkages, update on each other's current research trusts and concerns, and relate problems and challenges encountered in advancing local and regional studies.

The seminar-workshop had 71 participants mostly coming from the region and papers and discussions centered on current researches on Visayan studies. Among the paper readers and participants were PNHS officers and members Earl Jude Paul L. Cleope, Rolando O. Borrinaga, Pablo Amascual, III, Erlinda K. Alburo, Melanie J. Padilla, Elizabeth L. Enriquez, and Rowena Reyes-Boquiren. The current President of the PSA is Dr. Bernardita Reyes Churchill, while the Board Secretary-Treasurer is Dr. Francis Gealogo, Vice President for Luzon of the PNHS.

The 5th National Philippine Studies Conference will be hosted in September 2006 by the University of San Agustin in Iloilo City.

Fernão de Magalhães Professorial Chair Lectures and Seminar Course on Portuguese History , September 26-30, 2005, Tanghalang Teresita Quirino
Faculty of the Graduate School, University of Santo Tomas

Prof. Ivo Carneiro de Sousa returned to the University of Santo Tomas to inaugurate the Fernão de Magalhães Professorial Chair in Portuguese History at the Graduate School from 26-30 September 2005. This event also began this year's Portuguese Festival in Manila. Rev. Fr. Juan V. Ponce, O.P. formally welcomed the attendees and students. A selection of books was turned over to UST and were received by the Prefect of Libraries, Rev. Fr. Angel A. Aparicio, O.P. This initial donation would eventually include a sizable collection that will become, perhaps, the largest collection of Portuguese resource materials in the country.

Prof. de Sousa is an Associate Aggregate Professor in the History Department of the University of Porto in Portugal, aside from being Director of the Portuguese Centre for the Study of Southeast Asia (CEPESAA). He is a widely-published author of books and articles in scientific journals in Portugal and internationally. He co-founded the Asia-Europe Comparative Studies Center at the European Studies Institute of Macao in 2004, the African Studies Centre at the University of Porto, Portugal in 1997, and CEPESA in 2000.

His lecture topics for the seminar course were the following: The Portuguese Expansion in Asia; The Portuguese Presence in Southeast Asia; The Portuguese Identification and Circulation in the Early Modern Philippines and the Manila-Macao Historical Long-Term Connection. He presented a comprehensive review of Portuguese historiography that was the appropriate background to the other topics.

This project was a three-way collaboration between the Embassy of Portugal, CEPESA, and the Office of Academic Affairs, Faculty of the Graduate School and Faculty of Arts and Letters of the University of Santo Tomas. The Chair of the Organizing Committee is Rev. Fr. Lucio P. Gutierrez, O.P., Historian and AB Regent, with Dr. Armando F. de Jesus, Vice-Rector for Academic Affairs as member, and Maria Eloisa P. De Castro as General Coordinator.

Forthcoming Conferences

Annual Meeting of the Association for Asian Studies (AAS)
Marriot San Francisco Hotel, April 6-9, 2006
AAS Secretariat, 1021 East Huron Street, Ann Arbor, MI 48104 USA

First International Seminar of Portuguese-Philippine Comparative History
April 20-22, 2006, Lisbon, Portugal

The First International Seminar of Portuguese-Philippine Comparative History will be held on April 20-22, 2006 in Lisbon, Portugal. The seminar is being organized by the Portuguese Centre for the Study of Southeast Asia (CEPESA), with several Philippine Universities and the Philippine National Historical Society for the purpose of maintaining long-term academic cooperation and collaboration in the field of Philippine and Portuguese history. The General Coordinator for the Philippines of this International Seminar is Bernardita Reyes Churchill, with Maria Eloisa P. de Castro serving in the Committee.

IAHA (International Association of Historians of Asia) Conference
Host: Philippine Social Science Council
November 22-25, 2006
President: Filomeno V. Aguilar, Jr., Ph.D.
Professor of History and Director, Institute of Philippine Culture
Ateneo de Manila University

Hawaii Filipino Centennial International Conference (HFCIC)
December 13-17, 2006
Dr. Belinda A. Aquino, Chair of the International Conference Committee

Conference Theme: "One Hundred Years and Beyond," commemorating the observance of the 100th year anniversary of the first Filipino arrivals in Hawaii to work on the sugar plantations. These are the first 15 "sakadas" (farm workers) who arrived in Honolulu on December 6, 1906 and were transported to the Big Island to work on the plantations there.
International Centennial Conference Secretariat
Center for Philippine Studies, University of Hawai'i at Mano'a
Attn: Dr. Federico Magdalena at e-mail:

PNHS National Conferences on Local and National History

Since its first national conference on local and national history in 1978, national conferences have been held almost annually in the following venues:

1st 1978 Xavier University, Cagayan de Oro City

2nd 1979 Silliman University, Dumaguete City

3rd 1980 Negros Occidental Historical Commission, Bacolod City

4th 1981 San Carlos University, Cebu City

5th 1982 Mindanao State University-Iligan Institute of Technology, Iligan City

6th 1984 College of Social Sciences and Philosophy, UP Diliman

7th 1985 Surigao City Historical Commission, Surigao City

8th 1987 Mindanao State University-General Santos City

9th 1988 Butuan City Historical Commission, Butuan City

10th 1989 Mindanao State University- General Santos City

11th 1990 Ateneo de Naga, Naga City

12th 1991 Mindanao State University-Marawi City

13th 1992 Mindanao State University, Bongao, Tawi-Tawi

14th 1993 University of Southern Mindanao, Kabacan, North Cotabato

15th 1994 Palawan State University, Puerto Princesa City

16th 1995 Western Mindanao State University, Zamboanga City

17th 1996 Ateneo de Manila University, Loyola Heights, Quezon City

18th 1997 Mindanao State University-Sulu, Jolo

19th 1998 Leyte Normal University, Tacloban City

20th 1999 University of the Philippines College Baguio, Benguet Province

21st 2000 Ateneo de Naga University, Naga City

22nd 2001 Silliman University, Dumaguete City

23rd 2002 UP Cebu College, Cebu City.

24th 2003 Surigaonon Heritage Center, Surigao City

25th 2004 Cavite State University, Indang, Cavite

26th 2005 Mariano Marcos State University, Batac, Ilocos Norte

PNHS Publications in Print

Journal of History, 1991-1992 - Selected Papers on Bikol Studies (January-December 1998)

Journal of History, 1993-1994 - Cities in Philippine History (January-December 2000)

Journal of History, "A Century of Education in the Philippines" Vol. XLVIII:1-2 (January-December 2002)

Journal of History, "Towards a National History of the Philippines: Local History in the Context of National History" Vol. XLIX:1-4 (January-December 2003)


Publication No. 1- In Search of Historical Truth (1992), edited by Leslie E. Bauzon (Out of Print)

Publication No. 2 - The Story of a Province - Surigao Across the Years (1993), by Fernando A. Almeda, Jr.

Publication No. 3 - Land of Hope, Land of Want, A Socio-Economic History of Negros (1571-1985) (1994) by Violeta Lopez-Gonzaga

Publication No. 4 - The Revolution in the Provinces and Other Papers (1999 Centennial Volume), edited by Bernardita Reyes Churchill


Proceedings of the Regional Seminar-Workshops on Oral and Local History (1998-1999)

History from the People (Kasaysayan Mula sa Bayan), Vol. 1, Vigan, Edited by Digna B. Apilado

History from the People (Kasaysayan Mula sa Bayan), Vol. 2, Tuguegarao, Edited by Digna B. Apilado

History from the People (Kasaysayan Mula sa Bayan), Vol 3, Muñoz, Edited by Violeta S. Ignacio

History from the People (Kasaysayan Mula sa Bayan), Vol. 4, Los Banos, Edited by Violeta S. Ignacio

History from the People (Kasaysayan Mula sa Bayan), Vol. 5, Naga, Edited by Eden M. Gripaldo

History from the People (Kasaysayan Mula sa Bayan), Vol. 6, Miag-ao, Edited by Eden M. Gripaldo

History from the People (Kasaysayan Mula Sa Bayan), Vol. 7, Dumaguete, Edited by Eden M. Gripaldo

History from the People (Kasaysayan Mula Sa Bayan), Vol. 8, Dapitan, Edited by Violeta S. Ignacio

History from the People (Kasaysayan Mula sa Bayan), Vol. 9, Davao, Edited by Digna B. Apilado

History from the People (Kasaysayan Mula sa Bayan), Vol. 10, General Santos, Edited by Bernardita Reyes Churchill

History from the People (Kasaysayan Mula sa Bayan), Vol. 11, Cotabato City, Edited by Eden M. Gripaldo

History from the People (Kasaysayan Mula sa Bayan), Vol. 12, Bago City, Edited by Bernardita Reyes Churchill

History from the People (Kasaysayan Mula sa Bayan), Vol. 13, Calapan, Edited by Violeta S. Ignacio

History from the People (Kasaysayan Mula sa Bayan), Vol. 14, Surigao City, Edited by Bernardita Reyes Churchill

History from the People (Kasaysayan Mula sa Bayan), Vol. 15, Koronadal, Edited by Bernardita Reyes Churchill

History from the People (Kasaysayan Mula sa Bayan), Vol. 16, Bangued, Edited by Digna B. Apilado


Manila (1994) - Edited by Bernardita Reyes Churchill

Determining the Truth, The Story of Andres Bonifacio (Being Critiques of and Commentaries on Inventing a Hero, The Posthumous Re-Creation of Andres Bonifacio) (1997; Second Printing 1998) - Edited by Bernardita Reyes Churchill

A History of the Philippines (1998), by Samuel K. Tan (Out of Print)

The Katipunan and the Philippine Revolution (Centennial Volume, 1999), Edited by Bernardita Reyes Churchill and Francis A. Gealogo

Manila - Selected Papers of the Annual Conferences of the Manila Studies Association, 1992-2002 (Manila Studies Association, 2004)


Philippine Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences, Vol. II (1993)
History Section done by the Philippine National Historical Society
"History and Current Situation of the Discipline of History in the Philippines; Concepts and Terms; Biographies of Historians; and Directory of Contemporary Historians," Edited by Bernardita Reyes Churchill
Order from: Central Subscription Service
c/o Milagros J. Tolentino, Business Manager
Philippine Social Science Center
Commonwealth Avenue, UP Diliman Quezon City
P.O. Box 205, UP Post Office, Diliman, Quezon City 1101, Philippines
Tel: 922-9621* Fax: 929-2671* E-mail:




Established 1941

Charter Member, Philippine Social Science Council




Bernardita R. Churchill, Ph.D.

Acting Vice President for Mindanao and Sulu

Professor of History (Retired)

Department of History

          University of the Philippines Diliman

          Chair, CHED Technical Committee for History


   CO-PRESIDENT (2009-2010)

    Earl Jude Paul L. Cleope, Ph. D.


Professor of History

       Department of History and Political Science

Silliman University

Dumaguete City, Negros Oriental



Stephen Henry S. Totanes, Ph.D.

Bicol University, Gubat Campus

The Lewis College

Sorsogon City, Sorsogon



Digna B. Apilado

Associate Professor

Department of History

University of the Philippines Diliman



Violeta S.Ignacio, Ph.D.

Professor of History

University of the Philippines Pampanga



Eden M. Gripaldo, Ph.D.

Professor of History

Department of History

University of the Philippines Diliman



Pacita S. Carluen

Xavier School

Greenhills West, San Juan City



Rolando O. Borrinaga, Ph.D.                            

Professor, School of Health Sciences

University of the Philippines

Palo, Leyte 


Maria Eloisa P. de Castro

Associate Professor

Faculty of Arts and Letter

University of Santo Tomas, Manila


Patrick Anthony S. de Castro

Associate Professor 

Miriam College

Loyola Heights, Quezon City 


Rolando S. DelaGoza, CM, Ph. D.

President Emeritus, Adamson University

St. Vincent’s School of Theoogy

Tandang Sora, Quezon City


Marco Stefan B. Lagman

Assistant Professor, Geography Department

Instructor, Department of History

University of the Philippines Diliman


Christian Paul G. Ramos

Polytechnic University of the Philippines

Sta. Mesa, Manila


Manuel R. Zamora, Jr.

Assistant Professor

Director, Center for Community Development (CCD)

Colegio de San Juan de Letrán




Bernardita Reyes Churchill, Executive Editor

Rolando O. Borrinaga, Member

Earl Jude Paul L. Cleope, Member

Stephen Henry S. Totanes, Member

Antonio C. Hila, Member



Prof. Gil G. Gotiangco, Jr. II

Professor, Department of History

University of the Philippines

PNHS Representative to the PSSC Board of Trustees




Committee on Historical Research (2011-2014)

Maria Nela B. Florendo, Ph.D.

Professor, Department of History and Philosophy

University of the Philippines Baguio

Representative, Philippine National Historical Society

Head, NCCA-Committee on Historical Research

Lifetime Member, Philippine National Historical Society


Gil G. Gotiangco, Jr. II

Professor, Department of History

University of the Philippines Diliman

Execom, NCCA-Committee on Historical Research

Representative for Luzon

Lifetime Member, Philippine National Historical Society


Erlinda K. Alburo, Ph.D.

Director, Center for Cebuano Studies

Professor, University of San Carlos

Execom, NCCA – Committee on Historical Research

Representative for the Visayas

Lifetime Member, Philippine National Historical Society


Calbi A. Asain, Ph.D.

Dean, College of Arts and Sciences

Mindanao State University Sulu

Execom, NCCA-Committee on Historical Research

Representative for Mindanao, Tawi-Tawi and Sulu

Lifetime Member, Philippine National Historical Society


National Commission for Culture and the Arts

Committee on Architecture and Allied Arts (2011-2014)

Lorelei D.C. de Viana

Dean, Institute of Architecture and Fine Arts

Far Eastern University, Manila

Lifetime Member, Philippine National Historical Society


On behalf of the Board of the Philippine National Historical Society, I would like to extend a warm welcome to all the participants to the 26th National Conference on Local and National History being held here at Mariano Marcos State University in Batac. Our special thanks go to the people of the Province of Ilocos Norte -- to all those who have helped in putting this conference together and attending to the multifarious details needed to ensure the success of this conference.

Through all these years - this is our 26th national conference since 1978 - the support of friends and colleagues have been heaven sent, allowing us to continue to share historical research through these conferences.

We live in troubled times these days - there is political turmoil and economic crisis. Perhaps we are unable, sometimes, to see our way through our problems because we have not learned well the lessons of our past. History teaches us many lessons, the most important of which is how we should be proud of this land and our heritage and how we should order our lives so that we serve the common good, not just our own personal interests. This we can do by learning and appreciating our history and culture, and passing on such sentiments to the students who have been placed in our care so they can be nurtured to always think that everyone of us should work for the good of the nation.

Again warm welcome to all and thank you for your continued support of PNHS.


Bernardita A. Reyes Churchill
October 17, 2005


PNHS Newsletter 6

PNHS Newsletter 5

PNHS Newsletter 4

PNHS Newsletter 3

PNHS Newsletter 2

Editor: Bernardita R. Churchill
Contributors: Maria Eloisa P. de Castro, Digna B. Apilado, Francis A. Gealogo
Vol. 6 | October 2005 | Web: |